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Article

The Effect of Alcohol Drinking on Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity in Koreans: Big Data Analysis

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Oksu Hana ENT Clinic, Seoul 04733, Korea
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Department of Pediatrics, National Medical Center, Seoul 04564, Korea
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Department of Family Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon 35015, Korea
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Department of Pediatrics, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seoul 06135, Korea
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Department of Family Medicine, International St. Mary’s Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon 22711, Korea
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Department of Psychiatry, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul 04551, Korea
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Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
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Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, Soongsil University, Seoul 06978, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefano Ballestri
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 4949; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19094949
Received: 25 March 2022 / Revised: 14 April 2022 / Accepted: 17 April 2022 / Published: 19 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolic Syndrome and Its Association with Biomarkers)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of alcohol consumption on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity in Koreans by analysis of big data from the National Health Insurance Service health checkup database. A total of 26,991,429 subjects aged 20 years or older were included. Alcohol consumption was divided into five groups: nondrinkers, ≤7.0 g/d, 7.1–14.0 g/d, 14.1–28.0 g/d, ≥28.1 g/d. Logistic regression analyses were performed after adjusting for age, exercise, smoking, and income. The odds ratios (ORs) of MetS and obesity in men and women were lowest at ≤7.0 g/d, similar to that of the nondrinkers at 7.1–14.0 g/d, and increased with the alcohol consumption. At 7.1–14.0 g/d in older men, the ORs of metabolic syndrome and obesity were similar to those in the nondrinkers, but the OR of obesity was slightly increased in older women. This study suggests that the risk of MetS and obesity may be higher in Korean men, women, and the elderly who drink more than 14 g/d than the nondrinkers. In people with obesity or abdominal obesity, or those who need to manage their blood pressure, glucose, or triglyceride, drinking more than 7 g/d may increase the risk of MetS. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol drinking; metabolic syndrome; obesity; big data alcohol drinking; metabolic syndrome; obesity; big data
MDPI and ACS Style

Park, E.J.; Shin, H.J.; Kim, S.S.; Kim, K.E.; Kim, S.H.; Kim, Y.R.; Chung, K.M.; Han, K.D. The Effect of Alcohol Drinking on Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity in Koreans: Big Data Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4949. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19094949

AMA Style

Park EJ, Shin HJ, Kim SS, Kim KE, Kim SH, Kim YR, Chung KM, Han KD. The Effect of Alcohol Drinking on Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity in Koreans: Big Data Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):4949. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19094949

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Eun Jung, Hye Jung Shin, Sung Soo Kim, Ki Eun Kim, Sun Hyun Kim, Youl Ri Kim, Kyong Mee Chung, and Kyung Do Han. 2022. "The Effect of Alcohol Drinking on Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity in Koreans: Big Data Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 4949. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19094949

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