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Article

Relative and Chronological Age in Successful Athletes at the World Taekwondo Championships (1997–2019): A Focus on the Behaviour of Multiple Medallists

1
School of Sport Sciences and Exercise, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Sports Dididactics, University of Pinar del Río Hermanos Saíz Montes de Oca, Pinar del Río 20100, Cuba
3
Sciences of Physical Activity, Sports and Health School, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Universidad de Santiago de Chile (USACH), Santiago 9170022, Chile
4
Department of Social Psychology, Social Anthropology, Social Work and Social Services, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
5
Department of Sport, Food and Natural Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 5020 Bergen, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Xurxo Dopico Calvo, Rafael Lima Kons and Jose Morales Aznar
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1425; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031425
Received: 31 December 2021 / Revised: 20 January 2022 / Accepted: 24 January 2022 / Published: 27 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Martial Arts and Combat Sports on Health)
The aims of this study were to investigate the relative and chronological age among taekwondo world medal winners (by gender, Olympic 4-year period, Olympic weight category; N = 740), and to study the behaviour of multiple medallists (N = 156) to monitor changes in weight categories and wins over time. The observed birth quartile distribution for the heavyweight category was significantly skewed (p = 0.01). Female athletes (22.2 ± 3.5 years) achieve success at a significantly younger age (p = 0.01) than their male counterparts (23.6 ± 3.3 years). In the weight categories, female flyweights were significantly younger than those welterweights (p = 0.03) and heavyweight (p = 0.01); female featherweights were significantly younger than those heavyweights (p = 0.03). Male flyweights and featherweights were significantly younger than those welterweights and heavyweights (p = 0.01). When a taekwondo athlete won a medal several times, he/she did so within the same Olympic weight category group and won two medals in his/her career (p = 0.01). Multiple medallists of the lighter and heavier groups did not differ in the number of medals won but in the time span in which they won medals (p = 0.02). The resources deployed by stakeholders to achieve success in these competitions highlight an extremely competitive environment. In this sense, the information provided by this study can be relevant and translated into key elements. View Full-Text
Keywords: long-term development; weight category; career; talent; longevity long-term development; weight category; career; talent; longevity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Apollaro, G.; Rodríguez, Y.Q.; Herrera-Valenzuela, T.; Hernández-Mendo, A.; Falcó, C. Relative and Chronological Age in Successful Athletes at the World Taekwondo Championships (1997–2019): A Focus on the Behaviour of Multiple Medallists. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1425. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031425

AMA Style

Apollaro G, Rodríguez YQ, Herrera-Valenzuela T, Hernández-Mendo A, Falcó C. Relative and Chronological Age in Successful Athletes at the World Taekwondo Championships (1997–2019): A Focus on the Behaviour of Multiple Medallists. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1425. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Apollaro, Gennaro, Yarisel Quiñones Rodríguez, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Antonio Hernández-Mendo, and Coral Falcó. 2022. "Relative and Chronological Age in Successful Athletes at the World Taekwondo Championships (1997–2019): A Focus on the Behaviour of Multiple Medallists" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1425. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031425

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