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Idiosyncratic Profile of Perceived Emotional Intelligence and Post-Traumatic Growth in Breast Cancer Survivors: Findings of a Multiple Mediation Model
 
 
Article

Assessing the Expression of Emotions in Breast Cancer Survivors during the Time of Recovery: Perspective from Focus Groups

1
Department of Nursing and Physical Therapy, Faculty of Nursing, University of Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Faculty of Nursing, University of Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
3
Department of Basic Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology of Behavioral Sciences, University of Salamanca, 37005 Salamanca, Spain
4
Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering. University of Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rocio Guil Bozal, Paloma Gil-Olarte and Rocío Gómez Molinero
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(15), 9672; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159672
Received: 30 June 2022 / Revised: 30 July 2022 / Accepted: 3 August 2022 / Published: 5 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Improving the Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors)
Breast cancer has major public health implications, as it is the most frequent malignant tumor and the leading cause of cancer death in women. Survivors have many needs, including strategies to cope with the associated distress. We explore whether focus groups are useful for nurses to obtain information about the emotional state of breast cancer women, and develop strategies for coping with the stress that this disease entails. A qualitative study was carried out, involving 25 focus groups with 83 women treated for breast cancer, recruited from the local Breast Cancer Association (ALMOM). Four open-ended questions were employed, and 60-min discussions were carried out. They were transcribed, analyzed, coded, and the themes identified. Four major themes emerged, including “complex emotional evolution”, “emotional isolation”, “lack of information” and “inability to give advice”. Women admitted that this disease had been a stressful factor for them, causing emotional (anxiety, irritability, anger or guilt) and cognitive disorders (confusion, lack of concentration, forgetfulness). The use of focus groups in breast cancer survivors allows nurses to evaluate the expression of emotions in these women, and collect and share information about their feelings, thoughts and experiences, so that survivors can cope more easily with the stress related to their illness. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; focus groups; information needs; long-term care; survivors; women’s health breast cancer; focus groups; information needs; long-term care; survivors; women’s health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanchez, L.; Fernandez, N.; Calle, A.P.; Ladera, V.; Casado, I.; Bayon, E.; Garcia, I.; Sahagun, A.M. Assessing the Expression of Emotions in Breast Cancer Survivors during the Time of Recovery: Perspective from Focus Groups. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 9672. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159672

AMA Style

Sanchez L, Fernandez N, Calle AP, Ladera V, Casado I, Bayon E, Garcia I, Sahagun AM. Assessing the Expression of Emotions in Breast Cancer Survivors during the Time of Recovery: Perspective from Focus Groups. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(15):9672. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159672

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanchez, Leticia, Nelida Fernandez, Angela P. Calle, Valentina Ladera, Ines Casado, Enrique Bayon, Isaias Garcia, and Ana M. Sahagun. 2022. "Assessing the Expression of Emotions in Breast Cancer Survivors during the Time of Recovery: Perspective from Focus Groups" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 15: 9672. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159672

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