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Article

A Rapid Review of Environmental Health Gaps in Antimicrobial Resistance and Water-Related Research from 1990–2020

1
United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH), 204-175 Longwood Rd. S, Hamilton, ON L8P 0A1, Canada
2
School of Geography and Earth Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
3
School of Environmental Studies, College of Interdisciplinary Studies, Tennessee Technological University, 1 William L Jones Drive, Cookeville, TN 38505, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lucinda J. Bessa
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(11), 6549; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19116549
Received: 13 April 2022 / Revised: 20 May 2022 / Accepted: 25 May 2022 / Published: 27 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on Antibiotic Resistance within One Health)
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a pervasive global health threat linked to human antimicrobial misuse and abuse, food production, and broader environmental contamination. While global agencies promote a multi-sectoral One Health system approach to equitably combat human, animal, and environmental health AMR risks, it is widely acknowledged that the human and animal sectors dominate discussions. Given this disproportionate focus, identification of critical research gaps is needed to develop stewardship plans that equitably address One Health AMR threats. This review used natural language processing and term frequency algorithms to classify 12,638 records from 1990–2020 thematically in order to highlight sectoral prioritization and gaps. It also specifically assessed water-related gaps as water is recognized as both a primary environmental dissemination pathway and key means of intervention. Drawing from systemic health and integrated water management lenses, this review found that themes related to plant, wildlife, and environmental-related AMR threats—in particular, the role that environmental (ambient) waters play in AMR development, transmission, and spread—are under-prioritized as compared to human and food animal health concerns regardless of geographic region or income level. Further prioritization of these themes is needed to strengthen the environmental dimension of One Health AMR responses and systemically protect global health. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance (AMR); One Health; food security; water security; water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) antimicrobial resistance (AMR); One Health; food security; water security; water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Taing, L.; Bhatia, H.; Kaiser, R.A.; Qadir, M.; Mehmood, H. A Rapid Review of Environmental Health Gaps in Antimicrobial Resistance and Water-Related Research from 1990–2020. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 6549. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19116549

AMA Style

Taing L, Bhatia H, Kaiser RA, Qadir M, Mehmood H. A Rapid Review of Environmental Health Gaps in Antimicrobial Resistance and Water-Related Research from 1990–2020. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(11):6549. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19116549

Chicago/Turabian Style

Taing, Lina, Himesh Bhatia, Rachel A. Kaiser, Manzoor Qadir, and Hamid Mehmood. 2022. "A Rapid Review of Environmental Health Gaps in Antimicrobial Resistance and Water-Related Research from 1990–2020" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 11: 6549. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19116549

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