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Article

Parental Incarceration, Child Adversity, and Child Health: A Strategic Comparison Approach

1
Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78207, USA
3
Department of Sociology, Anthropology & Criminal Justice, Rutgers University-Camden, Camden, NJ 08102, USA
4
College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO 63103, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3384; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073384
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2021 / Accepted: 19 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
Background: Research points to parental incarceration as an important social determinant of child health. Even so, studies examining the health impact of parental incarceration in the context of diverse childhood stressors and adversities are lacking. Methods: The present study uses a large, nationally representative sample to compare U.S. children who were exposed to parental incarceration to a strategic comparison group of U.S. children who were not exposed to parental incarceration, but were nonetheless exposed to alternative family stressors and adversities. Results: The initial findings generally reveal worse health among children exposed to parental incarceration compared to those who are not exposed. Even so, these differences were partially or completely attenuated when comparing the incarceration-exposed group to more comparable groups of children exposed to a varying degree of alternative stressors/adversities. Conclusions: Programmatic efforts targeting parental incarceration as a means of promoting child health may be enhanced by adequately addressing co-occurring family stressors and child adversities. View Full-Text
Keywords: adverse childhood experiences; parental incarceration; health; children; stress; adversity; strategic comparison adverse childhood experiences; parental incarceration; health; children; stress; adversity; strategic comparison
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jackson, D.B.; Testa, A.; Semenza, D.C.; Vaughn, M.G. Parental Incarceration, Child Adversity, and Child Health: A Strategic Comparison Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3384. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073384

AMA Style

Jackson DB, Testa A, Semenza DC, Vaughn MG. Parental Incarceration, Child Adversity, and Child Health: A Strategic Comparison Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3384. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073384

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jackson, Dylan B., Alexander Testa, Daniel C. Semenza, and Michael G. Vaughn. 2021. "Parental Incarceration, Child Adversity, and Child Health: A Strategic Comparison Approach" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3384. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073384

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