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Open AccessPerspective

Health Workforce Development in Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management: The Need for Evidence-Based Recommendations

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Accident and Emergency Medicine Academic Unit, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
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Collaborating Centre for Oxford University and Chinese University of Hong Kong for Disaster and Medical Humanitarian Response (CCOUC), School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
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Research Institute of Nursing Care for People and Community, University of Hyogo, Akashi 673-8588, Japan
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Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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CRIMEDIM—Center for Research and Training in Disaster Medicine, Humanitarian Aid and Global Health, Università del Piemonte Orientale, 28100 Novara, Italy
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Division of International Cooperation for Disaster Medicine, International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University, Miyagi 980-0845, Japan
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College of Nursing, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila 1000, Philippines
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Emergency Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
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Department of Educational and Support for Regional Medicine, Tohoku University Hospital, Miyagi 980-8574, Japan
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PhD Scholar at International PhD in Global Health, Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Medicine Jointly Organized by Università del Piemonte Orientale (UPO) and Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), 28100 Novara, Italy
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World Health Organization Country Office, New Delhi 110011, India
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World Health Organization Centre for Health Development, Kobe 651-0073, Japan
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Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Unit, Health Security Preparedness Department, WHO Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3382; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073382
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 18 March 2021 / Accepted: 20 March 2021 / Published: 24 March 2021
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 placed human health at the centre of disaster risk reduction, calling for the global community to enhance local and national health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM). The Health EDRM Framework, published in 2019, describes the functions required for comprehensive disaster risk management across prevention, preparedness, readiness, response, and recovery to improve the resilience and health security of communities, countries, and health systems. Evidence-based Health EDRM workforce development is vital. However, there are still significant gaps in the evidence identifying common competencies for training and education programmes, and the clarification of strategies for workforce retention, motivation, deployment, and coordination. Initiated in June 2020, this project includes literature reviews, case studies, and an expert consensus (modified Delphi) study. Literature reviews in English, Japanese, and Chinese aim to identify research gaps and explore core competencies for Health EDRM workforce training. Thirteen Health EDRM related case studies from six WHO regions will illustrate best practices (and pitfalls) and inform the consensus study. Consensus will be sought from global experts in emergency and disaster medicine, nursing, public health and related disciplines. Recommendations for developing effective health workforce strategies for low- and middle-income countries and high-income countries will then be disseminated. View Full-Text
Keywords: health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM); Health EDRM workforce development; disaster; health emergency health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM); Health EDRM workforce development; disaster; health emergency
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Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hung, K.K.C.; Mashino, S.; Chan, E.Y.Y.; MacDermot, M.K.; Balsari, S.; Ciottone, G.R.; Della Corte, F.; Dell’Aringa, M.F.; Egawa, S.; Evio, B.D.; Hart, A.; Hu, H.; Ishii, T.; Ragazzoni, L.; Sasaki, H.; Walline, J.H.; Wong, C.S.; Bhattarai, H.K.; Dalal, S.; Kayano, R.; Abrahams, J.; Graham, C.A. Health Workforce Development in Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management: The Need for Evidence-Based Recommendations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073382

AMA Style

Hung KKC, Mashino S, Chan EYY, MacDermot MK, Balsari S, Ciottone GR, Della Corte F, Dell’Aringa MF, Egawa S, Evio BD, Hart A, Hu H, Ishii T, Ragazzoni L, Sasaki H, Walline JH, Wong CS, Bhattarai HK, Dalal S, Kayano R, Abrahams J, Graham CA. Health Workforce Development in Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management: The Need for Evidence-Based Recommendations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073382

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hung, Kevin K.C.; Mashino, Sonoe; Chan, Emily Y.Y.; MacDermot, Makiko K.; Balsari, Satchit; Ciottone, Gregory R.; Della Corte, Francesco; Dell’Aringa, Marcelo F.; Egawa, Shinichi; Evio, Bettina D.; Hart, Alexander; Hu, Hai; Ishii, Tadashi; Ragazzoni, Luca; Sasaki, Hiroyuki; Walline, Joseph H.; Wong, Chi S.; Bhattarai, Hari K.; Dalal, Saurabh; Kayano, Ryoma; Abrahams, Jonathan; Graham, Colin A. 2021. "Health Workforce Development in Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management: The Need for Evidence-Based Recommendations" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 7: 3382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073382

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