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Article

Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary Level Pupils at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets

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Department of Subject Didactics and Educational Research and Development, University College of Teacher Education Tyrol, 6010 Innsbruck, Austria
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Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
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Research Center Medical Humanities, Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
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Division of Sport, Physical Activity and Health, University of Teacher Education Upper Austria, 4020 Linz, Austria
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adventureV & change2V, 6135 Stans, Austria
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Special Institute for Preventive Cardiology and Nutrition—SIPCAN, 5061 Salzburg, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Web: https://www.science2.school/en/.
Academic Editor: José Carmelo Adsuar Sala
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12782; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312782
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 26 November 2021 / Accepted: 27 November 2021 / Published: 3 December 2021
Attaining healthy behaviors is essential at any life stage, particularly childhood, due to the strong link between children’s lifestyle and the subsequent adult state of health. This multidisciplinary study aimed to assess lifestyle behaviors of Austrian pupils of secondary schools I and II, with a specific focus on PA habits and diet types based on a large sample. In total, 8845 children/adolescents participated in the short standardized online survey on relevant health-related aspects nationwide. Valid and complete data was provided by 8799 pupils, including 1.14% of the eligible 771,525; 63% girls, 76% having a normal body weight, 70% attending secondary schools II, and more pupils/students living in rural vs. urban areas (3:1 ratio). Across the total sample, 11.8% were considered overweight/obese with a higher prevalence of overweight/obesity in boys than girls (15.5% vs. 9.6%) and urban vs. rural participants (13.9% vs. 10.8%; p < 0.05). The majority of participants (84.5%) reported a mixed diet, while 7.2% and 8.5% reported a vegan and vegetarian diet, respectively. Vegans reported a lesser alcohol intake (p < 0.05) compared to non-vegan pupils (no difference in dietary subgroups for smoking). Although overall PA and dietary behaviors suggest an appropriate health status among Austrian youth, attention should be focused on policies to increase healthy lifestyle habits at best through a dual approach to health permanently combining regular PA, sports, and exercise with a healthy diet, which would contribute to matching the current recommendations for improving individual and public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: pupil; student; physical activity; plant-based; health; fruit; vegetables; nutrition; lifestyle pupil; student; physical activity; plant-based; health; fruit; vegetables; nutrition; lifestyle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wirnitzer, K.C.; Drenowatz, C.; Cocca, A.; Tanous, D.R.; Motevalli, M.; Wirnitzer, G.; Schätzer, M.; Ruedl, G.; Kirschner, W. Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary Level Pupils at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12782. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312782

AMA Style

Wirnitzer KC, Drenowatz C, Cocca A, Tanous DR, Motevalli M, Wirnitzer G, Schätzer M, Ruedl G, Kirschner W. Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary Level Pupils at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12782. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312782

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wirnitzer, Katharina C., Clemens Drenowatz, Armando Cocca, Derrick R. Tanous, Mohamad Motevalli, Gerold Wirnitzer, Manuel Schätzer, Gerhard Ruedl, and Werner Kirschner. 2021. "Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary Level Pupils at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12782. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312782

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