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Did COVID-19 Pandemic Change People’s Physical Activity Distribution, Eating, and Alcohol Consumption Habits as well as Body Mass Index?

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Education Academy, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaičio Str. 58, 44248 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Department of Rehabilitation, Physical and Sports Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, 21/27 M.K. Čiurlionio St., 03101 Vilnius, Lithuania
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Institute of Educational Research, Education Academy, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaičio Str. 58, 44248 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Department of Kinesiology and Sport Management, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
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Department of Physical and Social Education, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto Str. 6, 44221 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto Str. 6, 44221 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, 21/27 M.K. Čiurlionio St., 03101 Vilnius, Lithuania
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Department of Sports, Recreation and Tourism, Klaipėda University, Herkaus Manto St. 84, 92294 Klaipėda, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12405; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312405
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 2 November 2021 / Accepted: 17 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Burden of COVID-19 in Different Countries)
This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate whether COVID-19 had an impact on people’s (aged 18–74) physical activity distribution, eating, and alcohol consumption habits as well as body mass index. We interviewed 6369 people (4545 women and 1824 men) in Lithuania before the COVID-19 pandemic started and 2392 during COVID-19 (1856 women and 536 men). They were aged 18–74 years. We found that both genders had not stopped their physical activity (PA) completely because of lockdown imitations (for example, prohibition from attending sport clubs), but they started doing different physical exercises at sport clubs. We determined the PA distribution according to the Danish Physical Activity Questionnaire (DPAQ). Despite increases in independent PA and the quantity of light PA, the amount of total energy used in metabolic equivalent of task (MET) units per day decreased significantly for both genders irrespective of age. Although the amounts of sedentary behavior, moderate PA (MPA), vigorous PA (VPA) or a combination of MPA and VPA (MVPA) did not change significantly. Surprisingly, lockdown reduced the duration of sleep for older women but increased their amount of intense VPA (>6 METs). However, the amount of intense VPA decreased for men. Both genders reported overeating less during the pandemic than before it, but did not start consuming more alcohol, and their body mass index did not change. Thus, the COVID-19 in Lithuania represented ‘good stress’ that mobilized these individuals to exercise more independently and overeat less. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; physical activity; eating; alcohol consumption habits; body mass index COVID-19; physical activity; eating; alcohol consumption habits; body mass index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skurvydas, A.; Lisinskiene, A.; Lochbaum, M.; Majauskiene, D.; Valanciene, D.; Dadeliene, R.; Fatkulina, N.; Sarkauskiene, A. Did COVID-19 Pandemic Change People’s Physical Activity Distribution, Eating, and Alcohol Consumption Habits as well as Body Mass Index? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312405

AMA Style

Skurvydas A, Lisinskiene A, Lochbaum M, Majauskiene D, Valanciene D, Dadeliene R, Fatkulina N, Sarkauskiene A. Did COVID-19 Pandemic Change People’s Physical Activity Distribution, Eating, and Alcohol Consumption Habits as well as Body Mass Index? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312405

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skurvydas, Albertas, Ausra Lisinskiene, Marc Lochbaum, Daiva Majauskiene, Dovile Valanciene, Ruta Dadeliene, Natalja Fatkulina, and Asta Sarkauskiene. 2021. "Did COVID-19 Pandemic Change People’s Physical Activity Distribution, Eating, and Alcohol Consumption Habits as well as Body Mass Index?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312405

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