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Article

Predicting Public Adherence to COVID-19 Preventive Measures: A Cross-Sectional Study in Hong Kong

1
Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
2
Faculty of Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12403; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312403
Received: 21 October 2021 / Revised: 21 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Disease Prevention)
Objectives: To effectively control the spread of COVID-19, the public’s adherence to relevant disease preventive measures (DPM) is critical. This study examined individuals’ adherence to various DPM and identified facilitators and barriers to adherence in a community sample in Hong Kong. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, telephone surveys were conducted over December 2020 and January 2021. Participants provided responses on their adherence to DPM as well as other psychosocial and cognitive factors via the phone. Results: Of the sample of 1255 Chinese adults (aged >18 years, 53% women), 94.4% wore face masks in public areas; 88.4% avoided touching their eyes, nose, and mouth; 82.1% performed hand hygiene practices; 81.5% used alcohol-based hand rubs; 74.6% abided by social distancing; and 39.7% tested for COVID-19 on a voluntary basis. Perceived benefits, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, cues to action, perceived acceptability, and disruptions to daily life related to COVID-19 were associated with individuals’ adherence to DPM. Conclusions: Adherence to DPM was strong in Hong Kong, and the adherence level could be predicted by various factors. It is vital to consider these factors in order to improve the public’s adherence. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemics; preventive measures; adherence; health belief COVID-19; pandemics; preventive measures; adherence; health belief
MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, E.; Lai, D.W.L.; Lee, V.W.P.; Ng, H.K.L. Predicting Public Adherence to COVID-19 Preventive Measures: A Cross-Sectional Study in Hong Kong. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12403. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312403

AMA Style

Yan E, Lai DWL, Lee VWP, Ng HKL. Predicting Public Adherence to COVID-19 Preventive Measures: A Cross-Sectional Study in Hong Kong. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12403. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312403

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yan, Elsie, Daniel W.L. Lai, Vincent W.P. Lee, and Haze K.L. Ng 2021. "Predicting Public Adherence to COVID-19 Preventive Measures: A Cross-Sectional Study in Hong Kong" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12403. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312403

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