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Impulsivity, Emotion Regulation, Cognitive Distortions and Attentional Bias in a Spanish Sample of Gambling Disorder Patients: Comparison between Online and Land-Based Gambling
Article

Prevalence of Suicidal Behavior and Associated Clinical Correlates in Patients with Behavioral Addictions

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Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
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CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Barcelona, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Psychobiology and Methodology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, 22 185 Lund, Sweden
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Region Skåne, Malmö Addiction Center, Gambling Disorder Unit, 205 02 Malmö, Sweden
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CIBER Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11085; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111085
Received: 18 September 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gambling Disorder: Challenges in Diagnosis, Etiology and Treatment)
Addictive disorders are characterized by severe consequences, including suicidal events, but most studies investigating the association between addiction and suicidal risk have focused on substance use disorders and gambling disorder at the expense of the rest of behavioral addictions. This study examined the prevalence and the associated clinical correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of patients with a diagnosis of behavioral addiction. The total sample consisted of 4404 individuals: 4103 of these patients with gambling disorder, 99 with gaming disorder, 44 with sex addiction, and 158 with buying–shopping disorder. All of them were assessed consecutively at a specialized hospital unit for the treatment of behavioral addictions. Participants attended two clinical interviews and completed self-reported questionnaires to explore clinical features of behavioral addictions, personality traits, psychopathological symptomatology, suicidal behavior, and sociodemographic variables. The highest prevalence of suicidal ideation was found in patients with gambling disorder (22.9%), followed by buying–shopping disorder (18.4%), sex addiction (18.2%), and gaming disorder (6.1%). The highest prevalence of suicide attempts was registered for sex addiction (9.1%), followed by buying–shopping disorder (7.6%), gambling disorder (6.7%), and gaming disorder (3.0%). Female gender and unemployment constituted two relevant sociodemographic factors associated with suicidal risk in gambling disorder, gaming disorder, and buying–shopping disorder. Lack of family support appeared as a relevant risk factor, except for gaming disorder. These results pointed out that suicide is a prevalent behavior in behavioral addictions, and clinicians and researchers need to pay particular attention to the specificities of each behavioral addiction when assessing suicidal risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide; behavioral addiction; sociodemographic factors; personality traits; psychopathology suicide; behavioral addiction; sociodemographic factors; personality traits; psychopathology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Valenciano-Mendoza, E.; Fernández-Aranda, F.; Granero, R.; Gómez-Peña, M.; Moragas, L.; Mora-Maltas, B.; Håkansson, A.; Menchón, J.M.; Jiménez-Murcia, S. Prevalence of Suicidal Behavior and Associated Clinical Correlates in Patients with Behavioral Addictions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11085. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111085

AMA Style

Valenciano-Mendoza E, Fernández-Aranda F, Granero R, Gómez-Peña M, Moragas L, Mora-Maltas B, Håkansson A, Menchón JM, Jiménez-Murcia S. Prevalence of Suicidal Behavior and Associated Clinical Correlates in Patients with Behavioral Addictions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11085. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111085

Chicago/Turabian Style

Valenciano-Mendoza, Eduardo, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Laura Moragas, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Anders Håkansson, José M. Menchón, and Susana Jiménez-Murcia. 2021. "Prevalence of Suicidal Behavior and Associated Clinical Correlates in Patients with Behavioral Addictions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11085. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111085

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