Next Article in Journal
Prevalence of Suicidal Behavior and Associated Clinical Correlates in Patients with Behavioral Addictions
Previous Article in Journal
Incorporating Patient Preferences into a Decision-Making Model of Hand Trauma Reconstruction
Article

Factors of the Ecosystem Service Value in Water Conservation Areas Considering the Natural Environment and Human Activities: A Case Study of Funiu Mountain, China

by 1, 1,2,3,*, 1 and 1
1
College of Geography and Environmental Science, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
2
Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, College of Geography and Environmental Science, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
3
Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization Jointly Built by Henan Province and Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11074; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111074
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 13 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
Water conservation areas play an important role in regional ecological security patterns. The Funiu Mountain water conservation area is located in the densely populated central region of China, where human disturbance to the ecosystem is strong and ecosystem services are facing a very serious situation. Identifying and evaluating the factors leading to changes in the ecosystem service value (ESV) of the Funiu Mountain water conservation area can provide scientific guidance for ecological management and sustainable development. Using multi-source data and machine learning methods, our research reveals the characteristics of the spatio-temporal variation in the ESV, constructs a system of ESV influencing factors from the comprehensive perspectives of the natural environment and human activities, and discusses the comprehensive effects of the influencing factors on the Funiu Mountain area from 2000 to 2015. The results are as follows. (1) From 2000 to 2005, the ESV increased 375 million yuan, and from 2005 to 2015, it decreased 154 million yuan. (2) Hydrological regulation, biodiversity maintenance, soil conservation, gas regulation, and climate regulation were the main types of ecosystem services in the Funiu Mountain area. (3) The ESV was influenced by the comprehensive effects of the natural environment and human activities. Population was the most important influencing factor of the ESV; in addition, the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), precipitation, and economic factors had important influences on the ESV. (4) With the intensification of human activities, humanistic factors have surpassed the relatively stable natural factors, becoming the main factors of the ESV. With economic development, the effect of human activities on the ESV may be further intensified in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; random forest; influencing factors; water conservation area ecosystem services; random forest; influencing factors; water conservation area
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, C.; Gao, J.; Zhou, B.; Yang, J. Factors of the Ecosystem Service Value in Water Conservation Areas Considering the Natural Environment and Human Activities: A Case Study of Funiu Mountain, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11074. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111074

AMA Style

Guo C, Gao J, Zhou B, Yang J. Factors of the Ecosystem Service Value in Water Conservation Areas Considering the Natural Environment and Human Activities: A Case Study of Funiu Mountain, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11074. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111074

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guo, Chunyang, Jianhua Gao, Boyan Zhou, and Jie Yang. 2021. "Factors of the Ecosystem Service Value in Water Conservation Areas Considering the Natural Environment and Human Activities: A Case Study of Funiu Mountain, China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11074. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111074

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop