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Article

Physical Activity during COVID-19 in German Adults: Analyses in the COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring Study (COSMO)

1
Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology–IBE, Chair of Public Health and Health Services Research, LMU Munich, Elisabeth-Winterhalter-Weg 6, 81377 Munich, Germany
2
Pettenkofer School of Public Health, Elisabeth-Winterhalter-Weg 6, 81377 Munich, Germany
3
Federal Centre for Health Education, Maarweg 149-161, 50825 Cologne, Germany
4
Department of Tropical Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20251 Hamburg, Germany
5
I. Department of Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20251 Hamburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
On behalf of the COSMO study team. Membership of the COSMO study team is provided in the Acknowledgments.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 507; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020507
Received: 3 December 2020 / Revised: 24 December 2020 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 9 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19: Prognosis, Outcomes and Long-Term Sequelae)
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and the resulting outbreak response measures in Germany and worldwide led to severe limitations in everyday life. This affected all sorts of daily activities and the possibility for physical activity (PA), which represents a major coping strategy against stress. The objective of this study was to analyse PA in German adults during a total lockdown phase including school closures in April 2020 in certain subgroups and in relation to other coping strategies. Data from the COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) survey, an online cross-sectional study with 1034 participants between 18 and 74 years, were utilised (14/15 April 2020). In addition to descriptive analyses, the odds of performing PA according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for adults (at least 2.5 h/week of at least moderate intensity) were analysed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. In total, 440 (42.6%) participants fulfilled this criterion. Participants with children <6 years were less likely to meet the WHO recommendation (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.33–0.78), while those with a higher level of education, good coping behaviour, regular alcohol consumption, and being satisfied with life were more likely to meet the WHO recommendation. In conclusion, PA intervention strategies tailored to specific vulnerable subgroups such as individuals with low educational background and parents with young children are needed in future pandemic response. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; physical activity; exercise; lockdown; health behaviours; coping strategies; family COVID-19; physical activity; exercise; lockdown; health behaviours; coping strategies; family
MDPI and ACS Style

Maertl, T.; De Bock, F.; Huebl, L.; Oberhauser, C.; Coenen, M.; Jung-Sievers, C.; on behalf of the COSMO Study Team. Physical Activity during COVID-19 in German Adults: Analyses in the COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring Study (COSMO). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 507. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020507

AMA Style

Maertl T, De Bock F, Huebl L, Oberhauser C, Coenen M, Jung-Sievers C, on behalf of the COSMO Study Team. Physical Activity during COVID-19 in German Adults: Analyses in the COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring Study (COSMO). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):507. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020507

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maertl, Theresa, Freia De Bock, Lena Huebl, Cornelia Oberhauser, Michaela Coenen, Caroline Jung-Sievers, and on behalf of the COSMO Study Team. 2021. "Physical Activity during COVID-19 in German Adults: Analyses in the COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring Study (COSMO)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 507. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020507

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