Next Article in Journal
Physical Activity and Exercise: Text Mining Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Intensity, Frequency, Duration and Volume of Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents on Skeletal Muscle Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Article

Long-Term Changes in Older Adults’ Independence Levels for Performing Activities of Daily Living in Care Settings: A Nine-Year Follow-Up Study

1
Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Kasei University, 2-15-1 Inariyama, Sayama 350-1398, Japan
2
Graduate School of Health Sciences, Gunma University, 3-39-22, Showamachi, Maebashi 371-8514, Japan
3
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Shinshu University, 3-1-1, Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan
4
Department of Rehabilitation, Division of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Kumamoto Health Science University, 325, Izumimachi, Kita-ku, Kumamoto 861-5598, Japan
5
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kumamoto University Hospital, 1-1-1 Honjo Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan
6
Department of Rehabilitation, Medical Corporation, Sanshukai, Okatsu Hospital, 3-95, Masagohonmachi, Kagoshima 890-0067, Japan
7
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan
8
Graduate Course of Health and Social Services, Saitama Prefectural University, 820, Sannomiya, Koshigaya 343-8540, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9641; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189641
Received: 31 August 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 13 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Aging)
This study aimed to clarify the variability in the independence profiles of specific activities of daily living (ADL) among older men and women. The research subjects were 5872 older adults (1143 men and 4729 women) certified as requiring nursing care or support (based on data obtained from the nursing care insurance certification survey database) who could be surveyed in both 2009 and 2018. Using item response theory, this study compared longitudinal data of difficulties faced by older adults during ADL. The results indicated that among the long-term care insurance-certified persons, in 2009, men had higher ADL difficulty than women in all ADL items, and in 2018, there was no significant difference in items other than dressing and excretion. Furthermore, the difference in the rate of ADL difficulty level over 9 years was significantly higher in women than in men. It was shown that the progression of ADL disability due to aging is faster in men on a yearly basis, but it increases in women with aging. Therefore, it was suggested that the rate of ADL difficulty varies depending on age and sex. View Full-Text
Keywords: activities of daily living; aged; longitudinal studies; long-term care; insurance; care prevention activities of daily living; aged; longitudinal studies; long-term care; insurance; care prevention
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Okabe, T.; Suzuki, M.; Iso, N.; Tanaka, K.; Sagari, A.; Miyata, H.; Han, G.; Maruta, M.; Tabira, T.; Kawagoe, M. Long-Term Changes in Older Adults’ Independence Levels for Performing Activities of Daily Living in Care Settings: A Nine-Year Follow-Up Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9641. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189641

AMA Style

Okabe T, Suzuki M, Iso N, Tanaka K, Sagari A, Miyata H, Han G, Maruta M, Tabira T, Kawagoe M. Long-Term Changes in Older Adults’ Independence Levels for Performing Activities of Daily Living in Care Settings: A Nine-Year Follow-Up Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9641. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189641

Chicago/Turabian Style

Okabe, Takuhiro, Makoto Suzuki, Naoki Iso, Koji Tanaka, Akira Sagari, Hironori Miyata, Gwanghee Han, Michio Maruta, Takayuki Tabira, and Masahiro Kawagoe. 2021. "Long-Term Changes in Older Adults’ Independence Levels for Performing Activities of Daily Living in Care Settings: A Nine-Year Follow-Up Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9641. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189641

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop