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Article

The Influence of Media Exposure on Anxiety and Working Memory during Lockdown Period in Italy

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, 98100 Messina, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Atte Oksanen and Iina Savolainen
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9279; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179279
Received: 10 August 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 30 August 2021 / Published: 2 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Workplace Stress and Anxiety During COVID-19)
The rapid spread of the coronavirus pandemic has caused anxiety around the world. During lockdown, the media became a point of reference for people seeking information. However, little is known on the relationships between anxiety resulting from persistent media exposure to coronavirus-related programs and the effects produced on working memory. In this work, a total of 101 Italian citizens (53.7% female) aged between 18 and 45 years old, who were from 14 provinces in Italy, participated in an online survey. Participants were presented with media exposure and anxiety questionnaires and they were instructed to carry out working memory tasks (visual and auditory n-back). The results showed that media exposure is related to anxiety. It was also found that high levels of anxiety have a negative influence on the performance of both visual and auditory working memory tasks in terms of increased reaction times of responses and decreased accuracy. The results were critically discussed in the light of the Social Compensation Hypothesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; social distancing; subjective loneliness; media exposure; anxiety; working memory COVID-19; social distancing; subjective loneliness; media exposure; anxiety; working memory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fabio, R.A.; Suriano, R. The Influence of Media Exposure on Anxiety and Working Memory during Lockdown Period in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179279

AMA Style

Fabio RA, Suriano R. The Influence of Media Exposure on Anxiety and Working Memory during Lockdown Period in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179279

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fabio, Rosa A., and Rossella Suriano. 2021. "The Influence of Media Exposure on Anxiety and Working Memory during Lockdown Period in Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179279

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