Next Article in Journal
Musculoskeletal Disorders, Pain Medication, and in-Hospital Mortality among Patients with COVID-19 in South Korea: A Population-Based Cohort Study
Previous Article in Journal
Relationship between Mindfulness, Psychological Skills, and Mental Toughness in College Athletes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Refugee Women with a History of Trauma: Gender Vulnerability in Relation to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Brief Report

Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Young Refugees: Comparison of Questionnaire Data with and without Involvement of an Interpreter

Department of Psychology, Catholic University Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Ostenstraße 25, 85072 Eichstätt, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Joint first authors.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6803; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136803
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 21 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
Background: The substantial number of young refugees who have arrived in Europe since 2015 requires rapid screening to identify those in need of treatment. However, translated versions of screening measures are not always available, necessitating the support of interpreters. The Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen (CATS) is a validated questionnaire for posttraumatic stress symptoms. Here, we report on the psychometric properties of the CATS in a sample of young refugees as a function of interpreter involvement. Methods: A total of N = 145 (Mage = 16.8, SD = 1.54; 93% male) were assessed with the CATS, with half of the screenings conducted with and half without interpreters. Post hoc analyses included calculating internal consistency using Cronbach’s α. We used confirmative factor analysis to investigate the factor structure. Results: The CATS total scale showed good reliability (α = 0.84). Differences in psychometric properties between the interpreter vs. the no interpreter group were minor and tended to be in favor of the interpreter group. Results of a confirmatory factor analysis were acceptable after the exclusion of items with low item-scale correlations. Conclusions: The sample and the administration of the assessment represent the situation of young refugees in Germany, where resources are low and translated versions not always available. The CATS may be a helpful screening tool for clinicians working with young refugees, even when administered with an interpreter. Limitations include the post hoc design of the analysis without randomization of participants and the lack of a third comparison group using translated questionnaire versions. View Full-Text
Keywords: refugee; adolescent; assessment; screening; PTSD; interpreter refugee; adolescent; assessment; screening; PTSD; interpreter
MDPI and ACS Style

Müller, L.R.F.; Unterhitzenberger, J.; Wintersohl, S.; Rosner, R.; König, J. Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Young Refugees: Comparison of Questionnaire Data with and without Involvement of an Interpreter. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6803. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136803

AMA Style

Müller LRF, Unterhitzenberger J, Wintersohl S, Rosner R, König J. Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Young Refugees: Comparison of Questionnaire Data with and without Involvement of an Interpreter. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6803. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136803

Chicago/Turabian Style

Müller, Lauritz R.F., Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Svenja Wintersohl, Rita Rosner, and Julia König. 2021. "Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Young Refugees: Comparison of Questionnaire Data with and without Involvement of an Interpreter" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6803. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136803

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop