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Article

Relationship between Mindfulness, Psychological Skills, and Mental Toughness in College Athletes

1
Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 333325, Taiwan
2
Physical Education Office, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202301, Taiwan
3
Department of Sport Performing Arts, University of Taipei, Taipei 111036, Taiwan
4
Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan 16150, Malaysia
5
Department of Combat Sport, National Taiwan University of Sport, Taichung 404401, Taiwan
6
Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 106209, Taiwan
7
Institute for Research Excellence in Learning Science, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 106209, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giancarlo Condello
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6802; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136802
Received: 4 May 2021 / Revised: 11 June 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Sport Science: Moving Towards the Next Decade)
Numerous studies have shown that dispositional mindfulness is positively associated with many mental abilities related to sports performance, including psychological skills and mental toughness. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between dispositional mindfulness, psychological skills, and mental toughness among different types of athletes. For this cross-sectional study, 101 college athletes were recruited. Their dispositional mindfulness, psychological skills, and mental toughness were measured by the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Athletic Psychological Skills Inventory (APSI), and Traits of Mental Toughness Inventory for Sports Scale (TMTIS). Pearson’s correlation was used to calculate how dispositional mindfulness is associated with psychological skills and mental toughness. The results revealed that dispositional mindfulness is positively associated with comprehensive APSI (r = 0.21–0.36, p < 0.05), TMTIS overall (r = 0.27, p < 0.01), positive effort (r = 0.26, p = 0.01), and pressure (r = 0.30, p < 0.01). These findings suggest a positive linkage between mindfulness and the two examined psychological characteristics related to sports performance. Other approaches to increase mindfulness may be considered in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: dispositional mindfulness; psychological skills; mental toughness; sports performance dispositional mindfulness; psychological skills; mental toughness; sports performance
MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, C.-H.; Nien, J.-T.; Lin, C.-Y.; Nien, Y.-H.; Kuan, G.; Wu, T.-Y.; Ren, F.-F.; Chang, Y.-K. Relationship between Mindfulness, Psychological Skills, and Mental Toughness in College Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136802

AMA Style

Wu C-H, Nien J-T, Lin C-Y, Nien Y-H, Kuan G, Wu T-Y, Ren F-F, Chang Y-K. Relationship between Mindfulness, Psychological Skills, and Mental Toughness in College Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136802

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Chih-Han, Jui-Ti Nien, Chi-Yen Lin, Yu-Hsiang Nien, Garry Kuan, Tsung-Yi Wu, Fei-Fei Ren, and Yu-Kai Chang. 2021. "Relationship between Mindfulness, Psychological Skills, and Mental Toughness in College Athletes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136802

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