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Review

Refugee Women with a History of Trauma: Gender Vulnerability in Relation to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

1
Department of Social Psychology, Social Work, Social Anthropology and East Asia Studies, Faculty of Psychology and Speech Therapy, University of Malaga, 29016 Malaga, Spain
2
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology and Speech Therapy, University of Malaga, 29016 Malaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Shameran Slewa-Younan and Greg Armstrong
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4806; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094806
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 25 April 2021 / Accepted: 29 April 2021 / Published: 30 April 2021
Refugees represent a population whose living conditions have a strong impact on their mental health. High rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), more than other mental disorders, have been found in this group, with women having the highest incidence. The objective of the present systematic review was to identify and examine studies from the last fifteen years on the relationship between the impact of traumatic experiences and PTSD psychopathology in refugee women. Twelve studies were included, from which the overall results approved this relation. In addition, six of these studies show that exposure to sexual trauma in refugee women is associated with the high odds of being at risk for PTSD. These findings suggest that gender-related traumatic experiences can explain the high rate of PTSD in refugee women and highlight the unmet need for psychosocial health care in this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: refugee women; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); traumatic experiences; sexual violence; systematic review refugee women; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); traumatic experiences; sexual violence; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vallejo-Martín, M.; Sánchez Sancha, A.; Canto, J.M. Refugee Women with a History of Trauma: Gender Vulnerability in Relation to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094806

AMA Style

Vallejo-Martín M, Sánchez Sancha A, Canto JM. Refugee Women with a History of Trauma: Gender Vulnerability in Relation to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094806

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vallejo-Martín, Macarena, Ana Sánchez Sancha, and Jesús M. Canto 2021. "Refugee Women with a History of Trauma: Gender Vulnerability in Relation to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094806

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