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Article

Using Intervention Mapping to Develop a Media Literacy-Based Smoking Prevention Program for Female Adolescents

College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6305; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126305
Received: 28 April 2021 / Revised: 27 May 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
Smoking prevalence among female adolescents in South Korea has increased gradually, despite a decreasing trend seen for male adolescents. Smoking scenes or cigarette advertisements in the media have influenced female adolescents’ initiation into smoking. It is therefore crucial to develop a smoking prevention program to enhance female adolescents’ smoking media literacy by implementing gender-specific approach. The purpose of this study is to describe how intervention mapping protocol (IMP) was used to develop a media literacy-based smoking prevention program (MLSP) for female adolescents. The IMP was used in six steps: needs assessment (literature review and focus groups comprising 24 female adolescents and 12 teachers), program goal setting, selection of intervention methods, production of program components and materials, program implementation planning, and program evaluation by ten experts and three adolescents. Six performance objectives and 14 change objectives were generated. Each module consisted of theory-based methods such as raising consciousness. Half of the modules covered topics regarding smoking media literacy, while half covered topics related to gender-specific intervention. The major advantages of utilizing IMP are that MLSP has been developed to reflect multiple perspectives, including of adolescents, teachers, and professors through a systematic process, and identified to be acceptable and valid. View Full-Text
Keywords: media literacy; smoking prevention; female; adolescent; web-based intervention; intervention mapping media literacy; smoking prevention; female; adolescent; web-based intervention; intervention mapping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S. Using Intervention Mapping to Develop a Media Literacy-Based Smoking Prevention Program for Female Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126305

AMA Style

Kim S. Using Intervention Mapping to Develop a Media Literacy-Based Smoking Prevention Program for Female Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126305

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Sookyung. 2021. "Using Intervention Mapping to Develop a Media Literacy-Based Smoking Prevention Program for Female Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126305

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