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The Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and Nutrition Facts Table Use in China: A Structural Equation Model

Institute of Food and Nutrition Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Berrigan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6307; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126307
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 3 June 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Since 2013, China has implemented a nutrition label regulation that aims to provide essential nutrition information through nutrition facts tables labeled on the back of food packages. Yet, the relationship between people’s nutrition knowledge and their nutrition label use remains less clear. This study adopted the structural equation modeling approach to analyze a nationally representative survey of 1500 Chinese individuals through the cognitive processing model, interrelated nutrition knowledge, attention to nutrition information on the nutrition facts table, comprehension of nutrition information, food choice and dietary intake. It was found that nutrition knowledge positively influenced attention to nutrition information; a better comprehension of nutrition information, which could benefit healthier food choices, did not relate to a higher level of attention to that information; dietary intake was affected significantly by nutrition knowledge, but it had little impact on food choice. The results signify that nutrition knowledge hardly supports nutrition facts table use among the Chinese people, mainly due to incomprehensible labeled information. Therefore, it emphasizes the need to enhance people’s comprehension through front-of-package labels and corresponding smartphone applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition knowledge; nutrition label; food label; structural equation modeling; China nutrition knowledge; nutrition label; food label; structural equation modeling; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Z.; Huang, B.; Huang, J. The Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and Nutrition Facts Table Use in China: A Structural Equation Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6307. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126307

AMA Style

Huang Z, Huang B, Huang J. The Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and Nutrition Facts Table Use in China: A Structural Equation Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6307. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126307

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Zeying; Huang, Beixun; Huang, Jiazhang. 2021. "The Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and Nutrition Facts Table Use in China: A Structural Equation Model" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 12: 6307. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126307

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