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Review

Manual Therapy in Cervical and Lumbar Radiculopathy: A Systematic Review of the Literature

1
Faculty of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: José Carmelo Adsuar Sala
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 6176; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116176
Received: 8 April 2021 / Revised: 7 June 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 7 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
The aim of this study was to describe and update current knowledge of manual therapy accuracy in treating cervical and lumbar radiculopathy, to identify the limitations in current studies, and to suggest areas for future research. The study was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews. A comprehensive literature review was conducted using PubMed and Web of Science databases up to April 2020. The following inclusion criteria were used: (1) presence of radiculopathy; (2) treatment defined as manual therapy (i.e., traction, manipulation, mobilization); and (3) publication defined as a Randomized Controlled Trial. The electronic literature search resulted in 473 potentially relevant articles. Finally, 27 articles were accepted: 21 on cervical (CR) and 6 in lumbar radiculopathy (LR). The mean PEDro score for CR was 6.6 (SD 1.3), and for LR 6.7 (SD 1.6). Traction-oriented techniques are the most frequently chosen treatment form for CR and are efficient in reducing pain and improving functional outcomes. In LR, each of the included publications used a different form of manual therapy, which makes it challenging to summarize knowledge in this group. Of included publications, 93% were either of moderate or low quality, which indicates that quality improvement is necessary for this type of research. View Full-Text
Keywords: manual therapy; low back pain; neck pain; radiculopathy; spine manual therapy; low back pain; neck pain; radiculopathy; spine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuligowski, T.; Skrzek, A.; Cieślik, B. Manual Therapy in Cervical and Lumbar Radiculopathy: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6176. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116176

AMA Style

Kuligowski T, Skrzek A, Cieślik B. Manual Therapy in Cervical and Lumbar Radiculopathy: A Systematic Review of the Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):6176. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116176

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuligowski, Tomasz, Anna Skrzek, and Błażej Cieślik. 2021. "Manual Therapy in Cervical and Lumbar Radiculopathy: A Systematic Review of the Literature" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 6176. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116176

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