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Article

Dimensions of Community Assets for Health. A Systematised Review and Meta-Synthesis

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Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, 03080 Alicante, Spain
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Adscript Center of Universidad de Valencia, Research Group GREIACC, Health Research Institute La Fe, Nursing School La Fe, Avda. Fernando Abril Martorell, 106. Pabellón docente Torre H, Hospital La Fe, 46026 Valencia, Spain
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Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, Institute of Health Sciences, School of Nursing (Porto), Universidade Católica Portuguesa, 4169-005 Porto, Portugal
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Center for Health Technology and Services Research, NursID Project, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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William F. Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, Newton, MA 02467, USA
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Titular de la Oficina Estatal de Educación de la Asociación Mexicana de Estudiantes de Enfermería, División Puebla, Teziutlán 73800, Mexico
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5758; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115758
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 23 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
Since Aaron Antonovsky’s salutogenesis theory and Morgan and Ziglio’s health assets model were first proposed, there has been a growing concern to define the resources available to the individual and the community to maintain or improve health and well-being. The aim of the present study was to identify the dimensions that characterise community assets for health. To this end, we conducted a systematised review with a meta-synthesis and content analysis of research or projects involving asset mapping in the community. Articles that met our eligibility criteria were: (1) based on the salutogenic approach and (2) described an assets mapping process and among their results, explained what, how and why particular community assets for health had been selected. The search included primary studies in the published and grey literature which were selected from websites and electronic databases (Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, EBSCOhost, Dialnet, SciELO). Of the 607 records examined by a single reviewer, 34 were included in the content analysis and 14 in the qualitative synthesis. Using an inductive process, we identified 14 dimensions with 24 categories, for which in-depth literature reviews were then carried out to define specific indicators and items. These dimensions were: utility, intention, previous use, accessibility (“circumstances–opportunity–affordability”), proximity-walkability, connectivity, intelligibility (visibility, transparency), identity (uniqueness, appropriability, attachment), design (configuration, functionality, comfort), safety (objective/subjective), diversity, the dimension of public and private, and sustainability (which includes maintenance, profitability or economic sustainability, environmental sustainability, centrality-participation and equity-inclusiveness). View Full-Text
Keywords: health assets; salutogenesis; dimensions; categorical analysis health assets; salutogenesis; dimensions; categorical analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sáinz-Ruiz, P.A.; Sanz-Valero, J.; Gea-Caballero, V.; Melo, P.; Nguyen, T.H.; Suárez-Máximo, J.D.; Martínez-Riera, J.R. Dimensions of Community Assets for Health. A Systematised Review and Meta-Synthesis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5758. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115758

AMA Style

Sáinz-Ruiz PA, Sanz-Valero J, Gea-Caballero V, Melo P, Nguyen TH, Suárez-Máximo JD, Martínez-Riera JR. Dimensions of Community Assets for Health. A Systematised Review and Meta-Synthesis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5758. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115758

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sáinz-Ruiz, Pablo A., Javier Sanz-Valero, Vicente Gea-Caballero, Pedro Melo, Tam H. Nguyen, Juan D. Suárez-Máximo, and José R. Martínez-Riera 2021. "Dimensions of Community Assets for Health. A Systematised Review and Meta-Synthesis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5758. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115758

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