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Systematic Review

Comparison of Muscle Strength, Aerobic Capacity and Body Composition between Healthy Adolescents and Those Living with HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
2
Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
3
Department of Physical Activity, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
4
Biotechnology Graduate Program, Potiguar University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Panagiota (Nota) Klentrou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5675; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115675
Received: 29 January 2021 / Revised: 13 February 2021 / Accepted: 14 February 2021 / Published: 26 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Physical Activity and Performance in Youth)
Background: The adverse effects of antiretroviral therapy associated with complications generated by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) promote impairments in physical fitness in adolescents. Objective: To analyze the aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and body composition of adolescents living with HIV compared with a healthy population of the same age. Methods: Searches were performed in the MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus and SportDiscus databases until September 2019 and updated in April 2020. Eligibility Criteria: adolescents of both sexes in the age group from 10 to 19 years; living with HIV; cross-sectional, case–control, cohort studies; comparing with a healthy population. Mean differences and 95% Confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using RevMan (software for systematic reviews). Results: Five articles were included, involving 197 adolescents living with HIV (16 to 18 years) and 185 without infection (13 to 18 years), with the sample in each study ranging from 15 to 65 adolescents. Aerobic capacity and muscle strength were reduced in adolescents with HIV, and body mass index was also significantly lower in this group. Conclusion: Adolescents living with HIV have impaired cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, and body composition when compared to their uninfected peers. However, this systematic review provides limited evidence on the differences between the physical fitness outcomes of adolescents living with HIV compared to healthy adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical fitness; cardiorespiratory fitness; child health; adolescents; human immunodeficiency virus physical fitness; cardiorespiratory fitness; child health; adolescents; human immunodeficiency virus
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MDPI and ACS Style

da Silva Cunha de Medeiros, R.C.; dos Santos, I.K.; de Oliveira, A.L.V.; de Goes, C.J.D.; de Medeiros, J.A.; da Silva, T.A.L.; de Souza Araujo, J.; de Alcântara Varela, P.W.; Cobucci, R.N.; de Araújo Tinoco Cabral, B.G.; Dantas, P.M.S. Comparison of Muscle Strength, Aerobic Capacity and Body Composition between Healthy Adolescents and Those Living with HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115675

AMA Style

da Silva Cunha de Medeiros RC, dos Santos IK, de Oliveira ALV, de Goes CJD, de Medeiros JA, da Silva TAL, de Souza Araujo J, de Alcântara Varela PW, Cobucci RN, de Araújo Tinoco Cabral BG, Dantas PMS. Comparison of Muscle Strength, Aerobic Capacity and Body Composition between Healthy Adolescents and Those Living with HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115675

Chicago/Turabian Style

da Silva Cunha de Medeiros, Rafaela C., Isis K. dos Santos, Anna L.V. de Oliveira, Carlos J.D. de Goes, Jason A. de Medeiros, Tatiane A.L. da Silva, Juliany de Souza Araujo, Phelipe W. de Alcântara Varela, Ricardo N. Cobucci, Breno G. de Araújo Tinoco Cabral, and Paulo M.S. Dantas 2021. "Comparison of Muscle Strength, Aerobic Capacity and Body Composition between Healthy Adolescents and Those Living with HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115675

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