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Article

The Prevention of Implant Surface Alterations in the Treatment of Peri-Implantitis: Comparison of Three Different Mechanical and Physical Treatments

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
2
National Centre of Drug Research and Evaluation, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161 Rome, Italy
3
Sustainability Department, ENEA, Casaccia Research Center, 00123 Rome, Italy
4
Energy Technology Department, ENEA, Casaccia Research Center, 00123 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2624; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082624
Received: 25 March 2020 / Revised: 9 April 2020 / Accepted: 10 April 2020 / Published: 11 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Prevention and Management of Oral Healthcare)
The surgical treatment of peri-implantitis is currently based on the removal of biofilms from the implant surface by primary means of mechanical and physical treatments. However, such approaches often determine some alterations of the implant surface with detrimental effects on re-osseointegration. This study aims to evaluate the effects of four different mechanical and physical treatments on titanium samples with moderately rough surface. Air powder abrasion (AP) with glycine powder, a titanium brush (TB) and a diode laser at 3 W (L3) and 4 W (L4) were tested. Surface morphology, roughness and chemical composition were then assessed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), white light interferometer and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The microscopic analysis revealed significant alterations in surface morphology on TB samples, while AP and L3 had only a minor or null impact. L4 samples revealed signs of overheating due to the excessive power. Nevertheless, the overall roughness of the samples was not significantly altered in terms of roughness parameters. Similarly, surface chemical composition was not significantly affected by the treatments. Among the treatments tested in this study, air powder abrasion with glycine powder and 3 W diode laser had the lowest impact on surface physicochemical properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: peri-implantitis; implant decontamination; peri-implantitis treatment; peri-implantitis therapy; mechanical treatments; dental implants peri-implantitis; implant decontamination; peri-implantitis treatment; peri-implantitis therapy; mechanical treatments; dental implants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lollobrigida, M.; Fortunato, L.; Serafini, G.; Mazzucchi, G.; Bozzuto, G.; Molinari, A.; Serra, E.; Menchini, F.; Vozza, I.; De Biase, A. The Prevention of Implant Surface Alterations in the Treatment of Peri-Implantitis: Comparison of Three Different Mechanical and Physical Treatments. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2624. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082624

AMA Style

Lollobrigida M, Fortunato L, Serafini G, Mazzucchi G, Bozzuto G, Molinari A, Serra E, Menchini F, Vozza I, De Biase A. The Prevention of Implant Surface Alterations in the Treatment of Peri-Implantitis: Comparison of Three Different Mechanical and Physical Treatments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2624. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082624

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lollobrigida, Marco, Lorenzo Fortunato, Giorgio Serafini, Giulia Mazzucchi, Giuseppina Bozzuto, Agnese Molinari, Emanuele Serra, Francesca Menchini, Iole Vozza, and Alberto De Biase. 2020. "The Prevention of Implant Surface Alterations in the Treatment of Peri-Implantitis: Comparison of Three Different Mechanical and Physical Treatments" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2624. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082624

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