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Open AccessArticle

The Prevalence and Context of Alcohol Use, Problem Drinking and Alcohol-Related Harm among Youth Living in the Slums of Kampala, Uganda

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School of Public Health, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 3984, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA
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School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala P.O. Box 7062, Uganda
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Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, MD 21205, USA
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Uganda Youth Development Link, Sir Apollo Kaggwa Rd, Kampala P.O. Box 12659, Uganda
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Department of Psychology, University of Uyo, Uyo 520003, Nigeria
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2451; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072451
Received: 3 March 2020 / Revised: 30 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol Use Among Adolescents and Young People)
Background. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the prevalence and context of alcohol use, problem drinking and alcohol-related harm among boys and girls in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. Methods. The Kampala Youth Survey is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2014 among youth (ages 12–18 years) living in the slums of Kampala (n = 1133) who were participating in Uganda Youth Development Link (UYDEL) centers. Chi-square tests were used to determine differences in alcohol use behaviors between 1) gender (boys vs. girls), and 2) alcohol use behaviors between problem drinkers and non-problem drinkers, stratified by gender. Results. Among all participants (n = 1133), the prevalence of any alcohol use in the past 12 months was 31% (n = 346). A higher percentage of girl drinkers reported having sex in the past month, without a condom (57.9%) due to alcohol consumption, compared to boy drinkers (41.9%) (   χ 2 = 8.09, df = 1, p = 0.005). For girl and boy drinkers, nearly half (49.5% and 44.1%, respectively) met the criteria for problem drinkers, measured using the Cut-Annoyed-Guilty-Eye-Opener (CAGE) questionnaire. Conclusions. The high prevalence of alcohol use and problem drinking among youth, as well as alcohol-related harm, warrant urgent alcohol prevention and intervention strategies, particularly among these underserved girls. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol use; adolescent health; global health; binge drinking; unsafe sex; violence alcohol use; adolescent health; global health; binge drinking; unsafe sex; violence
MDPI and ACS Style

Swahn, M.H.; Culbreth, R.; Salazar, L.F.; Tumwesigye, N.M.; Jernigan, D.H.; Kasirye, R.; Obot, I.S. The Prevalence and Context of Alcohol Use, Problem Drinking and Alcohol-Related Harm among Youth Living in the Slums of Kampala, Uganda. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2451.

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