Next Article in Journal
Lower Percentage of Fat Mass among Tai Chi Chuan Practitioners
Previous Article in Journal
Serum Sclerostin But Not DKK-1 Correlated with Central Arterial Stiffness in End Stage Renal Disease Patients
Open AccessArticle

Spatial Trade-Offs and Temporal Evolution of Multiple Ecosystem Services in a Marine-Terrestrial Urban-Agglomeration Zone

1
Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
School of Marine Engineering, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1231; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041231
Received: 12 December 2019 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Analysis and Methods)
It takes some time for changes to come in ecosystem services, and trade-offs occur in the process of changes. As opposed to a point in time, we use data spanning the years 2000–2005, 2005–2010, and 2010–2015 to study this research. After quantifying types of ecosystem services, this paper uses spatial correlation analysis and root-mean square deviation (RMSD) method to explore the relationships among ecosystem services and calculate the degree of spatial trade-offs (DT). Results show that the construction land increased substantially albeit at a declining rate of growth, and the degree of trade-offs (DT) increased with nontrivial differences in space. The hotspots for trade-offs are spatially aggregated in some areas but have varying patterns between ecosystem service pairs. The increasing area (IA) of construction land does not promote increased DT until the former reaches a certain threshold. With the exception of land use changes, type of industrial development is one of the key factors that influence the trade-offs of ecosystem services in the research region. We apply the models and methods used in this research to practice and discuss the practical value of our results for planners and decision makers vis-à-vis the design and instigation of appropriate development strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial trade-offs; multiple ecosystem services; marine-terrestrial interlaced zone spatial trade-offs; multiple ecosystem services; marine-terrestrial interlaced zone
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, H.; Tang, L.; Qiu, Q.; Wang, B.; Hu, W. Spatial Trade-Offs and Temporal Evolution of Multiple Ecosystem Services in a Marine-Terrestrial Urban-Agglomeration Zone. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1231.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop