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Open AccessArticle

Passive Smoking Exposure and Perceived Health Status in Children Seeking Pediatric Care Services at a Vietnamese Tertiary Hospital

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Department of Internal Medicine, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Respiratory Center, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
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Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University, Yen Nghia, Ha Dong, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
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Faculty of Economics and Finance, Phenikaa University, Yen Nghia, Ha Dong, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
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Graduate School of Asia Pacific Studies, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Oita 874-8577, Japan
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Vuong & Associates Co., Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Medicine, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Pharmacy, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Center of Excellence in Evidence-based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Institute of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Vietnam-Germany Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
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Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore
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Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
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Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1188; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041188
Received: 11 January 2020 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution Impact on Children’s Health)
Understanding the predictors of health conditions and exposure to secondhand smoke among children is necessary to determine the severity of the issues and identify effective solutions. Despite the significant prevalence in smoking and child exposure to secondhand smoke, there have been only a few studies focusing on this area in Vietnam, and thus the current study aims to fill in this gap. The questionnaires of 435 children aged between 0 and 6 and their caregivers, who agreed to participate in the research, were collected at the Pediatric Department of Bach Mai hospital, Hanoi, in 2016. Multivariable logistic regression was employed to identify factors associated with perceived health status and exposure to secondhand smoke among children in the last 24 h and the last 7 days from the date of the survey. Our study found that 43% of the respondents had smokers in the family, and 46.4% of children were exposed to passive smoking in the last 7 days. Urban children were most frequently exposed to passive smoking at home and in public, whereas in the rural area, the home and relatives’ houses were the most common places for exposure. Compared to children whose caregivers were farmers, children of non-government workers were more likely to be exposed to passive smoking in the last 7 days. Moreover, children in a family having smoking rules and no smokers were less likely to be exposed to passive smoking in the last 24 h and 7 days than those living in a family allowing smoking and having smokers. In conclusion, our study shows that the government needs to implement better public smoking monitoring and encourage caregivers to implement smoke-free households or smoking rules in their houses. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondhand smoking; health behaviors; children health; perceived health; Vietnam; passive smoking secondhand smoking; health behaviors; children health; perceived health; Vietnam; passive smoking
MDPI and ACS Style

Ngo, C.Q.; Vu, G.V.; Phan, P.T.; Chu, H.T.; Doan, L.P.T.; Duong, A.T.; Vuong, Q.-H.; Ho, M.-T.; Nguyen, M.-H.; Nguyen, H.-K.T.; Phan, H.T.; Ha, G.H.; Vu, G.T.; Pham, K.T.H.; Tran, T.H.; Tran, B.X.; Latkin, C.A.; Ho, C.S.H.; Ho, R.C.M. Passive Smoking Exposure and Perceived Health Status in Children Seeking Pediatric Care Services at a Vietnamese Tertiary Hospital. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1188.

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