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Review

Using Mobile Applications to Increase Physical Activity: A Systematic Review

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Information Systems, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), 08018 Barcelona, Spain
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UGC Dermatology, University Hospital Virgen del Rocío, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
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Interdisciplinary Research Group on ICTs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), 08018 Barcelona, Spain
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FoodLab Research Group (2017SGR 83), Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), 08018 Barcelona, Spain
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Food and Nutrition Area, Barcelona Official College of Pharmacists, 08009 Barcelona, Spain
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School of Psychology, Education and Sport Sciences, Universitat Ramon Llull, Blanquerna, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8238; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218238
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 7 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Promotion: Moving Forward)
Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity—major risk factors for the main non-communicable diseases—can be addressed by mobile health applications. Using an evidence-based systematic review design, we analysed studies on mobile applications to foster physical activity to determine whether they met the objective of increasing adults’ physical activity. A bibliographic search was conducted in October 2020 using PubMed, Cochrane Library Plus, Biomed Central, Psychology Database, and SpringerLink, retrieving 191 articles. After titles and abstracts were reviewed, 149 articles were excluded, leaving 42 articles for a full-text review, of which 14 met the inclusion criteria. Despite differences in study duration, design, and variables, 13 of the 14 studies reported that applications were effective in increasing physical activity and healthy habits as dietary behaviour. However, further longer-term studies with larger samples are needed to confirm the effectiveness of mobile health applications in increasing physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; mobile health; smartphone; exercise; review; telemedicine; health promotion; health-related interventions physical activity; mobile health; smartphone; exercise; review; telemedicine; health promotion; health-related interventions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pradal-Cano, L.; Lozano-Ruiz, C.; Pereyra-Rodríguez, J.J.; Saigí-Rubió, F.; Bach-Faig, A.; Esquius, L.; Medina, F.X.; Aguilar-Martínez, A. Using Mobile Applications to Increase Physical Activity: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218238

AMA Style

Pradal-Cano L, Lozano-Ruiz C, Pereyra-Rodríguez JJ, Saigí-Rubió F, Bach-Faig A, Esquius L, Medina FX, Aguilar-Martínez A. Using Mobile Applications to Increase Physical Activity: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218238

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pradal-Cano, Laura, Carolina Lozano-Ruiz, José J. Pereyra-Rodríguez, Francesc Saigí-Rubió, Anna Bach-Faig, Laura Esquius, F. X. Medina, and Alicia Aguilar-Martínez. 2020. "Using Mobile Applications to Increase Physical Activity: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218238

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