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Open AccessArticle

Postpartum Weight Retention and Its Determinants in Lebanon and Qatar: Results of the Mother and Infant Nutrition Assessment (MINA) Cohort

1
Nutrition and Food Sciences Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 110236, Lebanon
2
Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha 26555, Qatar
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contributors.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7851; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217851
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 23 September 2020 / Accepted: 24 September 2020 / Published: 27 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maternal and Early-Life Nutrition and Health)
Excessive Postpartum Weight Retention (PWR) is postulated to increase the risk of adverse health outcomes for mothers and offspring. Using data from the Mother and Infant Nutritional Assessment (MINA) cohort in Lebanon and Qatar, this study aimed to examine PWR and its determinants at 6 months after delivery. Pregnant women (n = 183) were recruited during their first trimester and were followed up through pregnancy and after delivery. During this period, face-to-face interviews as well as extraction from medical charts were conducted to collect data regarding the socioeconomic, anthropometric and dietary intake of participants. The mean PWR (kg) among participants was 3.1 ± 5.6 at delivery, and 3.3 ± 5.3 and 2.7 ± 4.7 at 4 and 6 months after delivery, respectively. Results of the multiple logistic regression analyses showed that a Qatari nationality and excessive GWG were associated with higher odds of a high PWR (above median) while an insufficient GWG had lower odds. After adjustment for energy, participants with a high PWR reported a greater intake of proteins, Trans fat, cholesterol, sodium and lower intakes of mono and polyunsaturated fat as compared to those with a low PWR (below median). These findings suggested priority areas for interventions to prevent excessive PWR amongst women of childbearing age in Lebanon and Qatar. View Full-Text
Keywords: postpartum weight retention; determinants; diet; cohort; Lebanon; Qatar postpartum weight retention; determinants; diet; cohort; Lebanon; Qatar
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Nasreddine, L.; Ayoub, J.; Abbas, N.; Abdul Malik, M.; Naja, F. Postpartum Weight Retention and Its Determinants in Lebanon and Qatar: Results of the Mother and Infant Nutrition Assessment (MINA) Cohort. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7851.

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