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Open AccessReview

Environment Changes, Aflatoxins, and Health Issues, a Review

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Facultad de Agrobiología, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala 90120, Mexico
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Mutagenesis Unit, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Ksaverska cesta 2, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Schrottova 39, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Departamento de Investigación en Ciencias Agrícolas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla 72570, Mexico
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Department of Human Sciences and Quality of Life Promotion, San Raffaele University, 00166 Rome, Italy
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Unit of Clinical and Molecular Epidemiology IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, 00166 Rome, Italy
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7850; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217850
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 4 October 2020 / Published: 27 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Warming & Water)
Crops contaminated by aflatoxins (AFs), the toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins produced namely by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, have severe impacts on human health. Changes in temperature and water availability related to actual climate changes (increased temperature, heavy rainfalls, and droughts) are modulating factors of mould growth and production of mycotoxins. To protect human and animal health from the harmful effects caused by AFs, the development of a safe and effective multifaceted approach in combating food and feed contamination with AFs is necessary. This review aims to collect and analyze the available information regarding AF presence in food and feed to reinforce AF management and to prevent health issues related to the AF exposure in the light of actual climate changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; AFB1; Aspergillus flavus; crops contamination; mycotoxins climate change; AFB1; Aspergillus flavus; crops contamination; mycotoxins
MDPI and ACS Style

Valencia-Quintana, R.; Milić, M.; Jakšić, D.; Šegvić Klarić, M.; Tenorio-Arvide, M.G.; Pérez-Flores, G.A.; Bonassi, S.; Sánchez-Alarcón, J. Environment Changes, Aflatoxins, and Health Issues, a Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7850.

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