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Article

Differences in Fat Mass Estimation Formulas in Physically Active Adult Population and Relationship with Sums of Skinfolds

1
Faculty of Sport, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia (UCAM), Av. de los Jerónimos 135, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Kinanthropometry International Chair, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia (UCAM), Av. de los Jerónimos 135, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7777; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217777
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 21 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 23 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Body Composition and Physical Health in Sports Practice)
Changes in body composition and specifically fat mass, has traditionally been used as a way to monitor the changes produced by nutrition and training. The objective of the present study was to analyse the differences between the formulas used to estimate fat mass and to establish the existing relationship with the body mass index and sums of skinfolds measurement in kinanthropometry. A total of 2458 active adults participated in the study. Body mass index (BMI) and skinfolds were measured, and the Kerr, Durnin-Womersley, Faulkner and Carter equations were used to assess fat mass. Significant differences were found between all the formulas for the percentage of fat mass, ranging from 10.70 ± 2.48 to 28.43 ± 5.99% (p < 0.001) and fat mass from 7.56 ± 2.13 to 19.89 ± 4.24 kg (p < 0.001). The correlations among sums of skinfolds and the different equations were positive, high and significant in all the cases (r from 0.705 to 0.926 p < 0.001), unlike in the case of BMI, were the correlation was lower and both positive or negative (r from −0.271 to 0.719; p < 0.001). In conclusion, there were differences between all the formulas used to estimate fat mass; thus, for the evaluation of fat mass with kinanthropometry of an active adult, the use of the same formula is recommended on all occasions when the results are going to be compared or when an athlete is compared with a reference. View Full-Text
Keywords: kinanthropometry; physical performance; body weight; health kinanthropometry; physical performance; body weight; health
MDPI and ACS Style

Vaquero-Cristóbal, R.; Albaladejo-Saura, M.; Luna-Badachi, A.E.; Esparza-Ros, F. Differences in Fat Mass Estimation Formulas in Physically Active Adult Population and Relationship with Sums of Skinfolds. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7777. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217777

AMA Style

Vaquero-Cristóbal R, Albaladejo-Saura M, Luna-Badachi AE, Esparza-Ros F. Differences in Fat Mass Estimation Formulas in Physically Active Adult Population and Relationship with Sums of Skinfolds. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7777. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217777

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vaquero-Cristóbal, Raquel; Albaladejo-Saura, Mario; Luna-Badachi, Ana E.; Esparza-Ros, Francisco. 2020. "Differences in Fat Mass Estimation Formulas in Physically Active Adult Population and Relationship with Sums of Skinfolds" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 21: 7777. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217777

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