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Open AccessArticle

The Effects of Service Employee Resilience on Emotional Labor: Double-Mediation of Person–Job Fit and Work Engagement

1
Department of Food Franchise Business, Kyungnam University, Changwon 51767, Korea
2
Future IT Innovation Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 37673, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7198; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197198
Received: 6 August 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health: Emotions in the Workplace)
This study examined the effect of service employees’ resilience on deep acting in the job demands–resources model (JD-R model). It set and verified person–job fit and work engagement as double-mediation factors between service employees’ resilience and deep acting. To accomplish this, surveys targeting service employees working in the retail finance industry in Korea were administered. The analysis showed that resilience significantly increased person–job fit, and person–job fit improved work engagement. Additionally, it showed that work engagement improved deep acting. With regard to the double-mediation effect, the direct effect of resilience on deep acting was not statistically significant, but the double-mediation effect through person–job fit and work engagement was significant. In other words, person–job fit and work engagement fully mediated the relationship between resilience and deep acting. Additionally, person–job fit alone did not mediate the relationship between resilience and deep acting, but the independent mediation effect of work engagement was significant. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; emotional labor; person–job fit; work engagement resilience; emotional labor; person–job fit; work engagement
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Lee, M.-S.; Kim, H.-S. The Effects of Service Employee Resilience on Emotional Labor: Double-Mediation of Person–Job Fit and Work Engagement. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7198.

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