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Open AccessReview

Physical Activity and Academic Achievement: An Umbrella Review

1
EPIUnit—Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, 4050-600 Porto, Portugal
2
European Office for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 125009 Moscow, Russia
3
Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5972; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165972
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 7 August 2020 / Accepted: 12 August 2020 / Published: 17 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interaction of Exercise and Cognitive Function)
Background: This umbrella review aimed to summarise the evidence presented in systematic reviews and meta-analyses regarding the effect of physical activity on academic achievement of school-age children and adolescents. Methods: A comprehensive electronic search for relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses were performed in Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, and Latin American and Caribbean of Health Sciences Information System, and reference lists of the included studies, from inception to May 2020. Studies were included if they were systematic reviews or meta-analyses, included school-age children or adolescents, the intervention included physical activity, and the outcome was the academic achievement. Two independent authors screened the text of potentially eligible studies and assessed the methodological quality of the studies using the AMSTAR 2 tool. Results: Forty-one systematic reviews and meta-analyses that examined the effects of physical activity on children and adolescents’ academic achievement were identified. Overall, the systematic reviews reported small positive or mixed associations between physical activity and academic achievement. From meta-analyses, it was observed that physical activity had null or small-to-medium positive effects on academic achievement. Chronic physical activity showed a medium positive effect on academic achievement, and acute physical activity did not demonstrate benefits. Conclusions: Physical activity seems not to be detrimental to school-age children and adolescents’ academic achievement, and may, in fact, be beneficial. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; exercise; academic achievement; children; adolescents; school-age physical activity; exercise; academic achievement; children; adolescents; school-age
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barbosa, A.; Whiting, S.; Simmonds, P.; Scotini Moreno, R.; Mendes, R.; Breda, J. Physical Activity and Academic Achievement: An Umbrella Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5972. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165972

AMA Style

Barbosa A, Whiting S, Simmonds P, Scotini Moreno R, Mendes R, Breda J. Physical Activity and Academic Achievement: An Umbrella Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5972. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165972

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barbosa, Ana; Whiting, Stephen; Simmonds, Philippa; Scotini Moreno, Rodrigo; Mendes, Romeu; Breda, João. 2020. "Physical Activity and Academic Achievement: An Umbrella Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 16: 5972. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165972

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