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Open AccessArticle

Differences in Sense of Belonging, Pride, and Mental Health in the Daegu Metropolitan Region due to COVID-19: Comparison between the Presence and Absence of National Disaster Relief Fund

Department of Physical Education, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4910; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134910
Received: 15 June 2020 / Revised: 3 July 2020 / Accepted: 5 July 2020 / Published: 7 July 2020
Korea’s Daegu Metropolitan City once had the second highest rate of COVID-19 infection after Wuhan in China. Following the outbreak, the government provided the first national disaster relief fund to citizens as financial aid. This study investigated whether the sense of regional belonging, pride, and mental health among 550 citizens of Daegu differed between the times before and after COVID-19, based on the presence or absence of the disaster relief fund. Frequency analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, and t-tests were conducted using the SPSS 25.0 program. Results showed that the sense of belonging was higher after COVID-19 than before, while pride was lower. Individuals who received the disaster relief fund showed higher levels of regional belonging and pride with statistical significance. The prevalence of melancholy and depression increased after COVID-19, but the presence or absence of the fund did not lead to a significant difference. Thus, in case of a future national disaster level, provision of the disaster relief fund can raise the sense of regional belonging and pride, in order to elicit communication among local residents toward overcoming difficulties. Furthermore, during challenging disaster situations, central and local governments should provide diverse programs for the citizens’ mental health care. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; Daegu; sense of belonging; pride; mental health; disaster relief fund COVID-19; Daegu; sense of belonging; pride; mental health; disaster relief fund
MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.-J.; Cho, J.-H.; Kim, E-S. Differences in Sense of Belonging, Pride, and Mental Health in the Daegu Metropolitan Region due to COVID-19: Comparison between the Presence and Absence of National Disaster Relief Fund. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4910.

AMA Style

Kim Y-J, Cho J-H, Kim E-S. Differences in Sense of Belonging, Pride, and Mental Health in the Daegu Metropolitan Region due to COVID-19: Comparison between the Presence and Absence of National Disaster Relief Fund. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(13):4910.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Young-Jae; Cho, Jeong-Hyung; Kim, E-Sack. 2020. "Differences in Sense of Belonging, Pride, and Mental Health in the Daegu Metropolitan Region due to COVID-19: Comparison between the Presence and Absence of National Disaster Relief Fund" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 13: 4910.

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