Next Article in Journal
An Analysis of Personal Learning Environments and Age-Related Psychosocial Factors of Unaccompanied Foreign Minors
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Manual Therapy on Fatigue, Pain, and Psychological Aspects in Women with Fibromyalgia
Previous Article in Journal
Do Age, Gender and Poor Diet Influence the Higher Prevalence of Nomophobia among Young People?
Open AccessArticle

Physiological Predictors of Competition Performance in CrossFit Athletes

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
Department of Systems Biology, University of Alcalá, 28805 Madrid, Spain
Department of Sport and Health, Spanish Agency for Health Protection in Sport (AEPSAD), 28016 Madrid, Spain
Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), 28009 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3699;
Received: 18 April 2020 / Revised: 20 May 2020 / Accepted: 21 May 2020 / Published: 24 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Education and Exercise Prehabilitation)
The aim of this study was to determine the physiological variables that predict competition performance during a CrossFit competition. Fifteen male amateur CrossFit athletes (age, 35 ± 9 years; CrossFit experience, 40 ± 27 months) performed a series of laboratory-based tests (incremental load test for deep full squat and bench press; squat, countermovement and drop jump tests; and incremental running and Wingate tests) that were studied as potential predictors of CrossFit performance. Thereafter, they performed the five Workouts of the Day (WODs) corresponding to the CrossFit Games Open 2019, and we assessed the relationship between the laboratory-based markers and CrossFit performance with regression analyses. Overall CrossFit performance (i.e., final ranking considering the sum of all WODs, as assessed by number of repetitions, time spent in exercises or weight lifted) was significantly related to jump ability, mean and peak power output during the Wingate test, relative maximum strength for the deep full squat and the bench press, and maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and speed during the incremental test (all p < 0.05, r = 0.58–0.75). However, the relationship between CrossFit Performance and most laboratory markers varied depending on the analyzed WOD. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that measures of lower-body muscle power (particularly jump ability) and VO2max explained together most of the variance (R2 = 81%, p < 0.001) in overall CrossFit performance. CrossFit performance is therefore associated with different power-, strength-, and aerobic-related markers. View Full-Text
Keywords: sport; VO2max; strength; power; laboratory tests; jump sport; VO2max; strength; power; laboratory tests; jump
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Gómez, R.; Valenzuela, P.L.; Alejo, L.B.; Gil-Cabrera, J.; Montalvo-Pérez, A.; Talavera, E.; Lucia, A.; Moral-González, S.; Barranco-Gil, D. Physiological Predictors of Competition Performance in CrossFit Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3699.

AMA Style

Martínez-Gómez R, Valenzuela PL, Alejo LB, Gil-Cabrera J, Montalvo-Pérez A, Talavera E, Lucia A, Moral-González S, Barranco-Gil D. Physiological Predictors of Competition Performance in CrossFit Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3699.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Gómez, Rafael; Valenzuela, Pedro L.; Alejo, Lidia B.; Gil-Cabrera, Jaime; Montalvo-Pérez, Almudena; Talavera, Eduardo; Lucia, Alejandro; Moral-González, Susana; Barranco-Gil, David. 2020. "Physiological Predictors of Competition Performance in CrossFit Athletes" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 10: 3699.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop