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Article

Effects of Manual Therapy on Fatigue, Pain, and Psychological Aspects in Women with Fibromyalgia

1
Faculty of Medicine, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, 03202 Elche, Spain
2
Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Science, Polytechnic University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
4
Faculty of Nursing, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
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Faculty of Sciences, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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Alicante Institute for Health and Biomedical Research (ISABIAL), 03010 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4611; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124611
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 26 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Education and Exercise Prehabilitation)
Fibromyalgia is a condition characterised by chronic widespread muscle pain and fatigue, sleep disturbances, cognitive disorders, and mood disturbance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a manual therapy technique performed with moderate digital pressure in women with fibromyalgia (n = 24). In this randomised, controlled trial, the participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group or placebo group. The experimental group was assisted with manual therapy sessions based on connective tissue massage, whereas the placebo group was “treated” with ultrasound sessions performed without conductive gel and with the machine turned off as the placebo. Fatigue severity scale (FSS), visual analogical scale (VAS), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), and profile of mood states (POMS-29) were completed before and after the intervention. In the experimental group (manual therapy), significant results were obtained on a VAS scale, referring to the neck pain in patients with fibromyalgia (p < 0.001). Correlations showed a relationship between fatigue and sleep variables (R = 0.411; p = 0.046) and pain variables with the POMS anger-hostility subscale (R = 0.436; p = 0.033). Although the size of the sample could be a limitation, the study concluded that the application of manual therapy in fibromyalgia patients performed with moderate pressure for 15 min on the posterior cervical musculature decreased the perception of pain, muscle fatigue, and the state of tension-anxiety. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic disease; muscle fatigue; chronic pain; sleep disorders chronic disease; muscle fatigue; chronic pain; sleep disorders
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nadal-Nicolás, Y.; Rubio-Arias, J.Á.; Martínez-Olcina, M.; Reche-García, C.; Hernández-García, M.; Martínez-Rodríguez, A. Effects of Manual Therapy on Fatigue, Pain, and Psychological Aspects in Women with Fibromyalgia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124611

AMA Style

Nadal-Nicolás Y, Rubio-Arias JÁ, Martínez-Olcina M, Reche-García C, Hernández-García M, Martínez-Rodríguez A. Effects of Manual Therapy on Fatigue, Pain, and Psychological Aspects in Women with Fibromyalgia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124611

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nadal-Nicolás, Yolanda, Jacobo Á. Rubio-Arias, María Martínez-Olcina, Cristina Reche-García, María Hernández-García, and Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez. 2020. "Effects of Manual Therapy on Fatigue, Pain, and Psychological Aspects in Women with Fibromyalgia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124611

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