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Collaborative Action on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention: Principles for Enacting the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Call to Action #33

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Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health, Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1 Canada
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Canada Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Research Network, Vancouver, BC V5R 0A4, Canada
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Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, London, ON N6G 4X8, Canada
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Nota Bene Consulting Group, Victoria, BC V8R 1P8, Canada
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School of Social Work, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2, Canada
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Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation, Glenevis, AB T0E 0X0, Canada
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Stó:lō Service Agency, Chilliwack, BC V2R 4G5, Canada
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Department of Educational Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
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Skidegate Health Centre, Skidegate, BC V0T 1S1, Canada
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Lakeland Centre for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Cold Lake, AB T9M 1P1, Canada
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Independent Scholar, Edmonton, AB T6J 0V5, Canada
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Kermode Friendship Society, Terrace, BC V8G 2N7, Canada
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Mount Carmel Clinic, Winnipeg, MB R2W 5L4, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1589; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091589
Received: 14 April 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 3 May 2019 / Published: 7 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD))
The association between fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), residential schools and subsequent assimilatory policies in Canada is of such significance that it was included in the groundbreaking Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Final Report through Call to Action #33, which focuses on collaboratively developing FASD prevention programs in Indigenous communities. A consensus statement with eight tenets for enacting Call to Action #33 was co-developed in May 2017 using a Two-Eyed Seeing approach during and after a meeting on Indigenous approaches to FASD prevention held in Canada. The consensus statement provides guidance for creating community-based, culture-led FASD prevention programs in Indigenous communities. The eight tenets reflect the diverse perspectives of Indigenous and non-Indigenous participants, are grounded in available research evidence, and align with Indigenous worldviews and wellness models. This paper uses the consensus statement and eight exemplary FASD prevention programs from Indigenous communities and organizations across Canada to highlight identity, culture, and relationships as central elements of FASD prevention in Indigenous communities. The consensus statement provides guidance for developing community- and culture-led FASD prevention programs and highlights the importance of Indigenous knowledge systems in developing and researching FASD prevention in, and with, Indigenous communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: FASD; Two-Eyed Seeing; indigenous knowledge; prevention; alcohol; maternal health FASD; Two-Eyed Seeing; indigenous knowledge; prevention; alcohol; maternal health
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Wolfson, L.; Poole, N.; Morton Ninomiya, M.; Rutman, D.; Letendre, S.; Winterhoff, T.; Finney, C.; Carlson, E.; Prouty, M.; McFarlane, A.; Ruttan, L.; Murphy, L.; Stewart, C.; Lawley, L.; Rowan, T. Collaborative Action on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention: Principles for Enacting the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Call to Action #33. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1589.

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