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Open AccessBrief Report

High Sedentary Behavior Is Associated with Depression among Rural South Africans

by Supa Pengpid 1,2 and Karl Peltzer 2,*
1
ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom 73170, Thailand
2
Deputy Vice Chancellor Research and Innovation Office, North West University, Potchefstroom 2531, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1413; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081413
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 16 April 2019 / Accepted: 18 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Mental Health)
The study aimed to investigate the association between sedentary behavior and depression among rural South Africans. Data were analyzed from the cross-sectional baseline survey of the “Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH community in South Africa (HAALSI)”. Participants responded to various measures, including sociodemographic information, health status, anthropometric measures, and sedentary behavior. The sample included 4782 persons (40 years and above). Overall, participants engaged in <4 h (55.9%), 4–<8 h (34.1%), 8–<11 h (6.4%), or 11 or more h a day (3.5%) of sedentary behavior, and 17.0% screened positive for depression. In multivariable logistic regression, which was adjusted for sociodemographic variables (Model 1) (Odds Ratio, or OR: 2.45, Confidence Interval, or CI: 1.74, 3.46) and adjusted for sociodemographic and health variables, including physical activity (Model 2) (OR: 3.00, CI: 2.00, 4.51), high sedentary time (≥11 h) was independently associated with depression. In combined analysis, compared to persons with low or moderate sedentary behavior (<8 h) and moderate or high physical activity, persons with high sedentary behavior (≥8 h) and low physical activity were more likely to have depression in Model 1 (OR: 1.60, CI: 1.65, 3.13) and Model 2 (OR: 1.60, CI: 1.05, 2.44). Findings support that sedentary behavior and combined sedentary behavior and low physical activity may be a modifiable target factor for strategies to reduce depression symptoms in this rural population in South Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary behavior; depression; confounding factors; adults; rural South Africa; HAALSI sedentary behavior; depression; confounding factors; adults; rural South Africa; HAALSI
MDPI and ACS Style

Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K. High Sedentary Behavior Is Associated with Depression among Rural South Africans. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1413.

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