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Review

Data Collection Instruments for Obesogenic Environments in Adults: A Scoping Review

Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science—University of Alicante. Campus de Sant Vicent del Raspeig. Ap. 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1414; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081414
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 10 April 2019 / Accepted: 17 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
The rise in obesity prevalence has increased research interest in the obesogenic environment and its influence on excess weight. The aim of the present study was to review and map data collection instruments for obesogenic environments in adults in order to provide an overview of the existing evidence and enable comparisons. Through the scoping review method, different databases and webpages were searched between January 1997 and May 2018. Instruments were included if they targeted adults. The documents were categorised as food environment or built environment. In terms of results, 92 instruments were found: 46 instruments measuring the food environment, 42 measuring the built environment, and 4 that characterised both environments. Numerous diverse instruments have been developed to characterise the obesogenic environment, and some of them have been developed based on existing ones; however, most of them have not been validated and there is very little similarity between them, hindering comparison of the results obtained. In addition, most of them were developed and used in the United States and were written in English. In conclusion, there is a need for a robust instrument, improving or combining existing ones, for use within and across countries, and more sophisticated study designs where the environment is contemplated in an interdisciplinary approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment; built environment; food environment; obesity; adult; surveys and questionnaires; measurement environment; built environment; food environment; obesity; adult; surveys and questionnaires; measurement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-García, A.; Trescastro-López, E.M.; Galiana-Sánchez, M.E.; Pereyra-Zamora, P. Data Collection Instruments for Obesogenic Environments in Adults: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081414

AMA Style

Martínez-García A, Trescastro-López EM, Galiana-Sánchez ME, Pereyra-Zamora P. Data Collection Instruments for Obesogenic Environments in Adults: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(8):1414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-García, Alba, Eva M. Trescastro-López, María E. Galiana-Sánchez, and Pamela Pereyra-Zamora. 2019. "Data Collection Instruments for Obesogenic Environments in Adults: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 8: 1414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081414

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