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How Are Self-Reported Physical and Mental Health Conditions Related to Vaping Activities among Smokers and Quitters: Findings from the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Wave 1 Survey

1
Nigel Gray Fellowship, Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
2
Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA
3
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
4
School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
5
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, ON M5G 0A3, Canada
6
National Addiction Centre, King’s College London, London WC2R 2LS, UK
7
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1412; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081412
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 9 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Harm Reduction)
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PDF [317 KB, uploaded 19 April 2019]

Abstract

This study examines whether having health conditions or concerns related to smoking is associated with use of vaping products. Data came from the 2016 wave of the International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey. Smokers and recent quitters (n = 11,344) were asked whether they had a medical diagnosis for nine health conditions (i.e., depression, anxiety, alcohol problems, severe obesity, chronic pain, diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and chronic lung disease) and concerns about past and future health effects of smoking, and their vaping activities. Respondents with depression and alcohol problems were more likely to be current vapers both daily (Adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 1.42, 95% confidence interval, CI 1.09–1.85, p < 0.05 for depression; and AOR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.02–2.27, p < 0.05 for alcohol) and monthly (AOR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.11–1.57 for depression, p < 0.01; and AOR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.06–1.90, p < 0.05 for alcohol). Vaping was more likely at monthly level for those with severe obesity (AOR = 1.77, 95% CI 1.29–2.43, p < 0.001), cancer (AOR = 5.19, 95% CI 2.20–12.24, p < 0.001), and concerns about future effects of smoking (AOR = 1.83, 95% CI 1.47–2.28, p < 0.001). Positive associations were also found between chronic pain and concerns about past health effects of smoking and daily vaping. Only having heart disease was, in this case negatively, associated with use of vaping products on their last quit attempt (AOR = 0.72, 95% CI 0.43–0.91, p < 0.05). Self-reported health condition or reduced health associated with smoking is not systematically leading to increased vaping or increased likelihood of using vaping as a quitting strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk of tobacco use; health conditions; smoking cessation; vaping; survey research risk of tobacco use; health conditions; smoking cessation; vaping; survey research
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, L.; Borland, R.; O’Connor, R.J.; Fong, G.T.; McNeill, A.; Driezen, P.; Cummings, K.M. How Are Self-Reported Physical and Mental Health Conditions Related to Vaping Activities among Smokers and Quitters: Findings from the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Wave 1 Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1412.

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