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Self-Reported and Parent-Reported School Bullying in Adolescents with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Roles of Autistic Social Impairment, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms

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Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
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College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98105-0371, USA
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Department of Psychiatry, Children’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98105-0371, USA
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Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan city 33305, Taiwan
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Department of Psychiatry, Tainan Municipal Hospital (Managed by Show Chwan Medical Care Corporation), Tainan 701, Taiwan
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Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1117; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071117
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 23 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Children's Health)
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported and parent-reported bullying victimization, perpetration, and victimization-perpetration and the associations of autistic social impairment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms with bullying involvement in adolescents with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A total of 219 adolescents with high functioning ASD participated in this study. The associations of sociodemographic characteristics, parent-reported autistic social impairment, and parent-reported ADHD and ODD symptoms with self-reported and parent-reported bullying victimization, perpetration, and victimization-perpetration were examined using logistic regression analysis. The results found that the agreement between self-reported and parent-reported bullying involvement was low. Compared with bullying involvement experiences reported by adolescents themselves, parents reported higher rates of pure bullying victimization (23.7% vs. 17.8%) and victimization-perpetration (28.8% vs. 9.1%) but a lower rate of pure bullying perpetration (5.9% vs. 9.1%). Deficit in socio-communication increases the risk of being pure victims and victim-perpetrators. Parent-reported victim-perpetrators had more severe ODD symptoms than did parent-reported pure victims. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; autism spectrum disorder; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; oppositional defiant disorder; social impairment bullying; autism spectrum disorder; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; oppositional defiant disorder; social impairment
MDPI and ACS Style

Chou, W.-J.; Hsiao, R.C.; Ni, H.-C.; Liang, S.H.-Y.; Lin, C.-F.; Chan, H.-L.; Hsieh, Y.-H.; Wang, L.-J.; Lee, M.-J.; Hu, H.-F.; Yen, C.-F. Self-Reported and Parent-Reported School Bullying in Adolescents with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Roles of Autistic Social Impairment, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1117. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071117

AMA Style

Chou W-J, Hsiao RC, Ni H-C, Liang SH-Y, Lin C-F, Chan H-L, Hsieh Y-H, Wang L-J, Lee M-J, Hu H-F, Yen C-F. Self-Reported and Parent-Reported School Bullying in Adolescents with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Roles of Autistic Social Impairment, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(7):1117. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071117

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chou, Wen-Jiun, Ray C. Hsiao, Hsing-Chang Ni, Sophie Hsin-Yi Liang, Chiao-Fan Lin, Hsiang-Lin Chan, Yi-Hsuan Hsieh, Liang-Jen Wang, Min-Jing Lee, Huei-Fan Hu, and Cheng-Fang Yen. 2019. "Self-Reported and Parent-Reported School Bullying in Adolescents with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Roles of Autistic Social Impairment, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 7: 1117. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071117

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