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Open AccessArticle

Parental Type D Personality and Children’s Hyperactive Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Parent–Child Interactive Activities

1
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane 4059, Queensland, Australia
3
Department of Women and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
4
Department of Information Management, Xinhua College of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1116; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071116
Received: 11 March 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
This study explored the associations between parental Type D personality (TDP), parent–child interactive activities, and children’s hyperactive behaviors. Moreover, the study examined whether parent–child interactive activities mediated the associations between parental TDP and children’s hyperactive behaviors. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among children from all kindergartens in a district of a southern city in China. Data on parental TDP, the frequency of parent–child interactive activities, children’s hyperactive behaviors, and socio-demographic characteristics were provided by 47,648 parent–child dyads. Multiple regression analysis was employed to assess the associations between parental TDP, parent–child interactive activities, and children’s hyperactive behaviors. Mediation analysis was applied to explore the mediating role of parent–child interactive activities on the associations between parental TDP and children’s hyperactive behaviors. Parental TDP was negatively associated with the frequency of parent–child interactive activities and positively associated with children’s hyperactive behaviors. The frequencies of parent–child interactive activities were negatively associated with children’s hyperactive behaviors. The frequency of parent–child interactive activities partially mediated the associations between parental TDP and children’s hyperactive behaviors. Future research may consider parental TDP and parent–child interactive activities as potential important predictors of hyperactive behaviors in children. Such research will help identify further targets for intervention to reduce hyperactive behaviors in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperactive behaviors; parental type D personality; parent–child interactive activities; children; mediation hyperactive behaviors; parental type D personality; parent–child interactive activities; children; mediation
MDPI and ACS Style

He, G.-H.; Liu, L.; Strodl, E.; Ruan, Z.-L.; Jiang, H.; Jing, J.; Jin, Y.; Chen, W.-Q. Parental Type D Personality and Children’s Hyperactive Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Parent–Child Interactive Activities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071116

AMA Style

He G-H, Liu L, Strodl E, Ruan Z-L, Jiang H, Jing J, Jin Y, Chen W-Q. Parental Type D Personality and Children’s Hyperactive Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Parent–Child Interactive Activities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(7):1116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071116

Chicago/Turabian Style

He, Guan-Hao; Liu, Li; Strodl, Esben; Ruan, Zeng-Liang; Jiang, Hui; Jing, Jin; Jin, Yu; Chen, Wei-Qing. 2019. "Parental Type D Personality and Children’s Hyperactive Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Parent–Child Interactive Activities" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 7: 1116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071116

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