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Open AccessArticle

Standard Expected Years of Life Lost Due to Malignant Neoplasms in Poland, 2000–2014

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, the Chair of Social and Preventive Medicine of the Medical University of Lodz, Żeligowskiego 7/9, 90-752 Lodz, Poland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 4898; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244898
Received: 25 October 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 1 December 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
The aim of the study was an analysis of mortality trends due to malignant neoplasms in Poland. The study material was a database, consisting of 1,367,364 death certificates of inhabitants of Poland who died during the period 2000–2014 due to malignant cancer. To calculate years of life lost, the SEYLLp index (Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per living person) was applied. We also calculated AAPC (Average Annual Percentage Change). The SEYLLp index (per 10,000 population) due to malignant neoplasms in Poland in males decreased from 586.3 in 2000 to 575.5 in 2014, whereas in females it increased from 398.6 in 2000 to 418.3 in 2014. The greatest number of lost years of life in 2014 was attributed to lung cancer (174.7 per 10,000 males and 77.3 per 10,000 females), breast cancer in females (64.5) and colorectal cancer in males (39.0). The most negative trends were observed for lung cancer in females (AAPC = 3.5%) and for colorectal cancer (AAPC = 1.8%) and prostate cancer (AAPC = 1.6%) in males. Many lost years could have been prevented by including a greater number of Polish inhabitants in screening examinations, mostly targeted at malignant neoplasm, whose incidence is closely connected with modifiable risk factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: standard expected years of life lost; premature mortality; malignant tumours; trends; Poland standard expected years of life lost; premature mortality; malignant tumours; trends; Poland
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Pikala, M.; Burzyńska, M.; Maniecka-Bryła, I. Standard Expected Years of Life Lost Due to Malignant Neoplasms in Poland, 2000–2014. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4898.

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