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Atrial Fibrillation in Athletes—Features of Development, Current Approaches to the Treatment, and Prevention of Complications

1
Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow 119991, Russia
2
Department of Hospital Therapy, Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University Ministry of Health of Russia, Saint Petersburg 194100, Russia
3
Institute of Sport Science, Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
4
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
5
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, 18450 Nikaia, Greece
6
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, 9001 St. Gallen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 4890; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244890 (registering DOI)
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common types of cardiac arrhythmias. This review article highlights the problem of the development of atrial fibrillation in individuals engaged in physical activity and sports. Predisposing factors, causes, and development mechanisms of atrial fibrillation in athletes from the perspective of the authors are described. Methods of treatment, as well as prevention of thromboembolic complications, are discussed. Directions for further studies of this problem and prevention of complications are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cardiomyopathy; atrial fibrillation; myocardial stiffness; echocardiography; SPECT; PET; athletes; oral anticoagulants; over-training syndrome; pathological athlete heart Cardiomyopathy; atrial fibrillation; myocardial stiffness; echocardiography; SPECT; PET; athletes; oral anticoagulants; over-training syndrome; pathological athlete heart
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MDPI and ACS Style

Achkasov, E.; Bondarev, S.; Smirnov, V.; Waśkiewicz, Z.; Rosemann, T.; Nikolaidis, P.T.; Knechtle, B. Atrial Fibrillation in Athletes—Features of Development, Current Approaches to the Treatment, and Prevention of Complications. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4890.

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