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Open AccessArticle

The Prevalence of Tobacco and E-Cigarette Use in Poland: A 2019 Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey

School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-826 Warsaw, Poland
Chief Sanitary Inspectorate, 03-729 Warsaw, Poland
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-752 Łódź, Poland
UHE Satellite Campus in Warsaw, University of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, 01-513 Warsaw; Poland
Department of the Prevention of Environmental Hazards and Allergology, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(23), 4820;
Received: 6 November 2019 / Revised: 26 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 30 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behaviors, Risk Factors, NCDs and Health Promotion)
Monitoring of tobacco use is one of the key tobacco control activities. This study aimed to assess the current prevalence and patterns of tobacco and e-cigarette in Poland as well as to investigate socioeconomic factors associated with cigarette smoking and e-cigarette use. This cross-sectional study was carried out in 2019, on a representative nationwide sample of 1011 individuals aged 15+ in Poland. Daily tobacco smoking was declared by 21.0% of participants; 1.3% of participants were occasional tobacco smokers, and 10.7% were former tobacco smokers. Heated tobacco was used by 0.4% of participants. Ever e-cigarette use was declared by 4.0% of participants and 1.4% were current e-cigarette users. A higher proportion of daily smokers was observed among men than women (24.4% vs. 18.0%; p < 0.0001). The age group 30 to 49 years, of a lower educational level and living in a medium-sized city (between 20,000 and 500,000 residents), was significantly associated with current daily smoking. This is the most up-to-date study on the prevalence of smoking in Poland. Further tobacco control activities are needed to reduce tobacco use in Poland. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco; smoking; e-cigarettes; heated tobacco; epidemiology; Poland tobacco; smoking; e-cigarettes; heated tobacco; epidemiology; Poland
MDPI and ACS Style

Pinkas, J.; Kaleta, D.; Zgliczyński, W.S.; Lusawa, A.; Wrześniewska-Wal, I.; Wierzba, W.; Gujski, M.; Jankowski, M. The Prevalence of Tobacco and E-Cigarette Use in Poland: A 2019 Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4820.

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