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Open AccessArticle

Dietary Knowledge among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes—Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Community Medicine & Public Health, College of Medicine, Majmaah University. Al-Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Majmaah University. Al-Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
3
Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang 26300, Malaysia
4
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh 7544, Saudi Arabia
5
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf 31982, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 858; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030858
Received: 21 December 2019 / Revised: 25 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 30 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behaviors, Risk Factors, NCDs and Health Promotion)
Dietary management is considered as a major step in assessing a patient’s knowledge related to nutritional aspects, treatment, and complications of diabetes. Diabetes patients frequently face difficulty in identifying the recommended diet, including its quality and quantity. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), sedentary lifestyle, along with food choices and portion sizes, have increased considerably and this has resulted in the soaring risk of diabetes. In addition, there is paucity of literature focusing on the Dietary Knowledge (DK) of type 2 diabetics in KSA. The study aimed to assess and evaluate the DK of type 2 diabetics. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among 350 type 2 diabetics using a valid and reliable self-prepared questionnaire comprising of 21 questions. Results showed that type 2 diabetics had an overall poor DK (28.57%). Sub-group analysis further revealed that diabetes patients had poor knowledge related to the consumption of carbohydrates and food choices, whereas they had good knowledge related to lipids and fats, proteins and food types. The role of diet in controlling of diabetes is considered imperative, but still, diabetes patients are unaware how they should approach this issue. The patient empowerment approach can be used to counsel patients with a poor DK. Primary care physicians and dietitians should work together and carry out individualized, tailored and patient-centered dietary education sessions. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary knowledge; type 2 diabetes; nutrition intake; Kingdom of Saudi Arabia dietary knowledge; type 2 diabetes; nutrition intake; Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
MDPI and ACS Style

Sami, W.; Alabdulwahhab, K.M; Ab Hamid, M.R.; Alasbali, T.A.; Alwadani, F.A.; Ahmad, M.S. Dietary Knowledge among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes—Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 858. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030858

AMA Style

Sami W, Alabdulwahhab KM, Ab Hamid MR, Alasbali TA, Alwadani FA, Ahmad MS. Dietary Knowledge among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes—Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):858. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030858

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sami, Waqas; Alabdulwahhab, Khalid M; Ab Hamid, Mohd R.; Alasbali, Tariq A.; Alwadani, Fahd A.; Ahmad, Mohammad S. 2020. "Dietary Knowledge among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes—Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 3: 858. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030858

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