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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Liquor Restrictions on Serious Assaults across Queensland, Australia

1
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong Waterfront Campus, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia
2
School of Social Science, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
3
Centre for Health Services Research, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4362; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224362
Received: 27 September 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 6 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol Policy and Public Health)
Aims: This study aimed to explore the relationship between a 00:00 liquor restriction, introduced on 1 July 2016, and alcohol-related harm by examining its impact on serious assault numbers during high-alcohol hours (20:00–6:00 Friday and Saturday night), from 1 January 2009 to 30 June 2018. Methods: Two types of locations only impacted by the liquor restriction were identified: designated safe night precincts (SNPs) and other local government areas (LGAs). A times series autoregressive integrated moving average analysis was used to estimate the influence of liquor restrictions on police-recorded serious assaults in the two years following the policy introduction, for SNPs and LGAs separately. Results: Contrarily to our predictions, monthly police-recorded serious assaults did not significantly change within SNPs or LGAs following the introduction of liquor restrictions. Conclusion: The implementation of the Queensland liquor restriction did not result in a clear, unique reduction in serious assault trends. Further investigation should consider the impact of liquor restrictions in conjunction with other policy changes as public perception of restrictions and their cumulative impact may produce varied outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: nightlife; night-time economy; alcohol drinking; policy; alcoholic beverages; assault nightlife; night-time economy; alcohol drinking; policy; alcoholic beverages; assault
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Taylor, N.; Coomber, K.; Mayshak, R.; Zahnow, R.; Ferris, J.; Miller, P. The Impact of Liquor Restrictions on Serious Assaults across Queensland, Australia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4362.

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