Next Article in Journal
Combined Exposure to Fructose and Bisphenol A Exacerbates Abnormal Lipid Metabolism in Liver of Developmental Male Rats
Next Article in Special Issue
Temporal Trends and Recent Correlates in Sedentary Behaviors among Chinese Adults from 2002 to 2010–2012
Previous Article in Journal
Detecting Mortality Trends in the Netherlands Across 625 Causes of Death
Previous Article in Special Issue
Socio-Ecological Model of Correlates of Double Burden of Malnutrition in Developing Countries: A Narrative Review
Open AccessArticle

Being Conscious of Water Intake Positively Associated with Sufficient Non-Alcohol Drink Intake Regardless of Seasons and Reasons in Healthy Japanese; the KOBE Study: A Cross Sectional Study

1
Foundation for Biomedical Research and Innovation, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan
2
Faculty of Health Science, Kyoto Koka Women’s University, Kyoto 615-0822, Japan
3
Department of Clinical Nursing, Shiga University of Medical Science, Shiga 520-2192, Japan
4
Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiologic Informatics, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka 565-8565, Japan
5
Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan
6
Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8573, Japan
7
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4151; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214151
Received: 24 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 19 October 2019 / Published: 28 October 2019
The present study sought to clarify if being conscious of water intake (CWI) is associated with sufficient non-alcohol drink (NAD) intake. We used data of healthy participants without diabetes, aged 40–74 years, in the Kobe Orthopedic and Biomedical Epidemiologic (KOBE) study. The association between being CWI and NAD intake was evaluated by multivariate linear regression analyses after adjusting for age, sex, surveyed months (seasons), alcohol drinking, health-awareness life habits, socioeconomic factors, serum osmolarity, estimated daily salt intake, and reasons for NAD intake. Among 988 (698 women and 290 men) participants eligible for the present analyses, 644 participants (65.2%) were CWI and 344 participants (34.8%) were not CWI (non-CWI). The most popular reason for being CWI was to avoid heat stroke in summer and to prevent ischemic cerebral stroke in winter. The CWI group took more NAD, especially decaffeinated beverages, than the non-CWI group (1846.7 ± 675.1 mL/day vs. 1478.0 ± 636.3 ml/day, p < 0.001). There was a significant association between being CWI and NAD intake in multivariate linear regression analyses ever after adjusting for the relevant variables (β = 318.1, p < 0.001). These findings demonstrated CWI, regardless of the reasons and the seasons, was associated with high NAD intake in Japanese healthy population. View Full-Text
Keywords: water intake conscious; non-alcohol drink; seasons; daily salt intake; serum osmolarity; cross-sectional study water intake conscious; non-alcohol drink; seasons; daily salt intake; serum osmolarity; cross-sectional study
MDPI and ACS Style

Nishikawa, T.; Miyamatsu, N.; Higashiyama, A.; Kubota, Y.; Nishida, Y.; Hirata, T.; Sugiyama, D.; Kuwabara, K.; Kubo, S.; Miyamoto, Y.; Okamura, T. Being Conscious of Water Intake Positively Associated with Sufficient Non-Alcohol Drink Intake Regardless of Seasons and Reasons in Healthy Japanese; the KOBE Study: A Cross Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4151. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214151

AMA Style

Nishikawa T, Miyamatsu N, Higashiyama A, Kubota Y, Nishida Y, Hirata T, Sugiyama D, Kuwabara K, Kubo S, Miyamoto Y, Okamura T. Being Conscious of Water Intake Positively Associated with Sufficient Non-Alcohol Drink Intake Regardless of Seasons and Reasons in Healthy Japanese; the KOBE Study: A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4151. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214151

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nishikawa, Tomofumi; Miyamatsu, Naomi; Higashiyama, Aya; Kubota, Yoshimi; Nishida, Yoko; Hirata, Takumi; Sugiyama, Daisuke; Kuwabara, Kazuyo; Kubo, Sachimi; Miyamoto, Yoshihiro; Okamura, Tomonori. 2019. "Being Conscious of Water Intake Positively Associated with Sufficient Non-Alcohol Drink Intake Regardless of Seasons and Reasons in Healthy Japanese; the KOBE Study: A Cross Sectional Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 21: 4151. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214151

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop