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Review

Socio-Ecological Model of Correlates of Double Burden of Malnutrition in Developing Countries: A Narrative Review

1
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Jl. Mulyorejo Kampus C, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia
2
Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics & Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3730; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193730
Received: 29 August 2019 / Revised: 22 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 3 October 2019
(1) Background: The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is a complex problem involving the coexistence of under- and over-nutrition within the same individual, household or population. This review aimed to discuss the correlates of the double burden of malnutrition through the socio-ecological model (SEM); (2) Methods: The PubMed database was systematically searched for peer-reviewed articles related to the double burden of malnutrition. Information on correlates of the double burden of malnutrition was extracted for analysis and discussion in alignment with the levels of the socio-ecological model.; (3) Results and Discussion: The correlates of the double burden of malnutrition identified from previous literature were: Race/genetics; maternal short stature; breastfeeding status; low maternal education; family size; household food security; household dietary diversity; and rural and urban settings. In the absence of evidence linking factors in a certain level of the SEM and the double burden of malnutrition, we employed correlates of overweight status and obesity to complete this narrative. Potential intervention strategies were proposed in alignment with the targets and settings identified, based on the socio-ecological approach; (4) Conclusions: The double burden of malnutrition is a public health phenomenon associated with a variety of socio-ecological determinants. An integrated approach is needed to address the root causes of malnutrition in all its forms, and at all life stages. View Full-Text
Keywords: double burden of malnutrition; socio-ecological model; nutrition transition; stunting; underweight double burden of malnutrition; socio-ecological model; nutrition transition; stunting; underweight
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmudiono, T.; Segalita, C.; Rosenkranz, R.R. Socio-Ecological Model of Correlates of Double Burden of Malnutrition in Developing Countries: A Narrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3730. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193730

AMA Style

Mahmudiono T, Segalita C, Rosenkranz RR. Socio-Ecological Model of Correlates of Double Burden of Malnutrition in Developing Countries: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(19):3730. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193730

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahmudiono, Trias, Calista Segalita, and Richard R. Rosenkranz. 2019. "Socio-Ecological Model of Correlates of Double Burden of Malnutrition in Developing Countries: A Narrative Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 19: 3730. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193730

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