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Open AccessArticle

Radiation Dose to the Eye Lens Through Radiological Imaging Procedures at the Surgical Workplace During Trauma Surgery

1
BG Klinikum Hamburg, Bergedorfer Str. 10, 21033 Hamburg, Germany
2
Northern German Seminar for Radiation Protection gGmbH at the Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, 24098 Kiel, Germany
3
Competence Centre for Epidemiology and Health Services Research for Healthcare Professionals (CVcare), University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), 20246 Hamburg, Germany
4
B.A.D. Gesundheitsvorsorge und Sicherheitstechnik GmbH, 21033 Hamburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3850; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203850
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 7 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 11 October 2019
Background: Due to the drastic reduction of the eye lens dose limit from 150 mSv per year to 20 mSv per year since 2018, the prospective investigation of the estimated dose of the eye lens by radiological imaging procedures at the surgical site during trauma surgery in the daily work process was carried out. This was also necessary because, as experience shows, with changes in surgical techniques, there are also changes in the use of radiological procedures, and thus an up-to-date inventory can provide valuable information for the assessment of occupationally induced radiation exposure of surgical personnel under the current conditions. Methods: The eye lens radiation exposure was measured over three months for five trauma surgeons, four hand surgeons and four surgical assistants with personalized LPS-TLD-TD 07 partial body dosimeters Hp (0.07). A reference dosimeter was deposited at the surgery changing room. The dosimeters were sent to the LPS (Landesanstalt für Personendosimetrie und Strahlenschutzausbildung) measuring institute (National Institute for Personal Dosimetry and Radiation Protection Training, Berlin) for evaluation after 3 months. The duration of the operation, occupation (assistant, surgeon, etc.), type of surgery (procedure, diagnosis), designation of the X-ray unit, total duration of radiation exposure per operation and dose area product per operation were recorded. Results: Both the evaluation of the dosimeters by the trauma surgeons and the evaluation of the dosimeters by the hand surgeons and the surgical assistants revealed no significant radiation exposure of the eye lens in comparison to the respective measured reference dosimeters. Conclusions: Despite the drastic reduction of the eye lens dose limit from 150 mSv per year to 20 mSv per year, the limit for orthopedic, trauma and hand surgery operations is well below the limit in this setting.
Keywords: eye lens dose; eye dosimetry; fracture; C-arm X-ray; trauma surgeon; hand surgeon; surgical assistant; dosis area product eye lens dose; eye dosimetry; fracture; C-arm X-ray; trauma surgeon; hand surgeon; surgical assistant; dosis area product
MDPI and ACS Style

Apelmann, C.; Kowald, B.; Weinrich, N.; Dischinger, J.; Nienhaus, A.; Seide, K.; Martens, H.; Jürgens, C. Radiation Dose to the Eye Lens Through Radiological Imaging Procedures at the Surgical Workplace During Trauma Surgery. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3850.

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