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Open AccessArticle

An Instrument to Measure Mental Health Professionals’ Beliefs and Attitudes towards Service Users’ Rights

1
Section of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, 08035 Catalonia, Spain
2
Yale Program for Recovery and Community Health, Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06513, USA
3
First-Person Research Group, Veus, Catalan Federation of 1st Person Mental Health Organisations, Barcelona, 08025 Catalonia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(2), 244; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020244
Received: 26 November 2018 / Revised: 11 January 2019 / Accepted: 11 January 2019 / Published: 16 January 2019
We aimed at developing and validating a scale on the beliefs and attitudes of mental health professionals towards services users’ rights in order to provide a valid evaluation instrument for training activities with heterogeneous mental health professional groups. Items were extracted from a review of previous instruments, as well as from several focus groups which have been conducted with different mental health stakeholders, including mental health service users. The preliminary scale consisted of 44 items and was administered to 480 mental health professionals. After eliminating non-discriminant and low weighting items, a final scale of 25 items was obtained. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses produced a four-factor solution consisting of the following four dimensions; system criticism/justifying beliefs, freedom/coercion, empowerment/paternalism, and tolerance/discrimination. The scale shows high concordance with our theoretical model as well as adequate parameters of explained variance, model fit, and internal reliability. Additional work is required to assess the cultural equivalence and psychometrics of this tool in other settings and populations, including health students. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health services; attitudes; beliefs; coercion; paternalism; discrimination mental health services; attitudes; beliefs; coercion; paternalism; discrimination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eiroa-Orosa, F.J.; Limiñana-Bravo, L. An Instrument to Measure Mental Health Professionals’ Beliefs and Attitudes towards Service Users’ Rights. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 244.

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